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Nutrients 2018, 10(10), 1477; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10101477

Examining Associations between Body Mass Index in 18–25 Year-Olds and Energy Intake from Alcohol: Findings from the Health Survey for England and the Scottish Health Survey

1
Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
2
Institute of Health and Society, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
3
Fuse—the Centre for Translational Research in Public Health, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
4
School of Social Sciences, Humanities and Law, Teesside University. Middlesbrough TS1 3BA, UK
5
Population, Policy and Practice, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK
6
Institute for Social Marketing, UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 September 2018 / Revised: 3 October 2018 / Accepted: 5 October 2018 / Published: 10 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Behaviours during Young Adulthood)
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Abstract

Evidence on the relationship between alcohol consumption and body mass index (BMI) is mixed, particularly for young adults. This study explored the relationship between energy obtained from alcoholic beverages and BMI using data for 18–25 year-olds (n = 7691) from pooled cross-sections of the 2008–2014 Health Survey for England and the Scottish Health Survey. Energy obtained from alcoholic beverages (excluding mixers) on the heaviest drinking day in the past week was expressed as percentage of total recommended dietary allowance (RDA) of energy (% RDA Energy). Linear regressions were estimated of BMI on alcohol intake categories controlling for intake frequency, physical activity, longstanding illness and other covariates, with separate analyses for men and women, and by beverage type. Significant associations with BMI were observed with the ‘Very High’ category of alcohol intake (>75% RDA Energy) for men (p < 0.001, 1.74, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.98, 2.49) and with the “High” (>50% to 75% RDA Energy) (p < 0.001, 1.67, 95% CI 0.26, 2.58) and above category for women, when compared with the Low (>0–25% RDA Energy) category. Young adults drinking the highest levels of alcohol on a single occasion were more likely to be obese than those with the lowest intake. Interventions to address internationally rising youth obesity rates should also consider reducing alcohol consumption by increasing alcohol prices, and reducing availability and marketing exposure. View Full-Text
Keywords: alcoholic beverages; obesity; young adults; recommended dietary allowances; body mass index; England; Scotland; health survey alcoholic beverages; obesity; young adults; recommended dietary allowances; body mass index; England; Scotland; health survey
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Albani, V.; Bradley, J.; Wrieden, W.L.; Scott, S.; Muir, C.; Power, C.; Fitzgerald, N.; Stead, M.; Kaner, E.; Adamson, A.J. Examining Associations between Body Mass Index in 18–25 Year-Olds and Energy Intake from Alcohol: Findings from the Health Survey for England and the Scottish Health Survey. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1477.

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