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Open AccessArticle

Dietary Patterns in European and Brazilian Adolescents: Comparisons and Associations with Socioeconomic Factors

School of Public Health, Department of Nutrition, University of Sao Paulo Avenue Dr. Arnaldo 715, Sao Paulo 01246-904, Brazil
GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Universidad de Zaragoza, Agroalimentary Institute of Aragon (IA2), Institute of Health Research of Aragon (IIS Aragon), Center for Biomedical Research Network Pathophysiology of Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERObn), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon CEDEX 08, France
Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, Austria
Inserm U955, IFR 114/IMPRT, Faculty of Medicine, University Lille 2, F-59037 Lille, France
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Harokopio University, 70 El Venizelou Ave, 176 71 Athens, Greece
MOVE-IT Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, 11519 Cádiz, Spain
ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte (INEF), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, C/Martín Fierro, 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Food and Nutrition, Via Ardeatina, 546, 00178 Rome, Italy
Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition (ICTAN), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), C/Jose Antonio Novais 10, 28040 Madrid, Spain
Department of Pediatrics, University of Pécs, Medical School, József A. u. 7., 7623 Pécs, Hungary
Department of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Avenida Madrid, 12, 18012 Granada, Spain
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Department of Public Health, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2018, 10(1), 57;
Received: 1 December 2017 / Revised: 22 December 2017 / Accepted: 4 January 2018 / Published: 9 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Patterns, Diet Quality and Human Health)
Associations between dietary patterns (DP) and socioeconomic factors have been little explored in adolescents. The aim of this study was to identify DP in European and Brazilian adolescents and to investigate their associations with a range of socioeconomic indicators. Adolescents from the HELENA-study and the Household Budget Survey were analyzed. Factor analysis was used to obtain DP. Linear regression was used to examine the association between DP and SES. In Europeans, the Western DP was associated with low education of the mother, high socioeconomic status (boys), older age (boys), and living in cities of the Northern Europe; in Brazilians, the Western DP was associated with high secondary education of the mother, high socioeconomic status and living in Southern areas of the country. The Traditional European DP, in both genders, was associated with high secondary education of the mother and inversely associated with a high socioeconomic status; the Traditional Brazilian DP, was associated with university level education of the mother and older age (boys). The association between DP and socioeconomic factors is relevant for the understanding of food-related practices and highlight the importance of performing a complete assessment of the socioeconomic influence in adolescent’s DP from developed and developing countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns; adolescents; socioeconomic status; factor analysis dietary patterns; adolescents; socioeconomic status; factor analysis
MDPI and ACS Style

Borges, C.A.; Slater, B.; Santaliestra-Pasías, A.M.; Mouratidou, T.; Huybrechts, I.; Widhalm, K.; Gottrand, F.; Manios, Y.; Jimenez-Pavón, D.; Valtueña, J.; Le Donne, C.; Marcos, A.; Molnar, D.; Castillo, M.J.; De Henauw, S.; Moreno, L.A. Dietary Patterns in European and Brazilian Adolescents: Comparisons and Associations with Socioeconomic Factors. Nutrients 2018, 10, 57.

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