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Article

Technification in Dairy Farms May Reconcile Habitat Conservation in a Brazilian Savanna Region

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Laboratório de Genética & Biodiversidade, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia 74690-900, GO, Brazil
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Departamento de Biodiversidade, Laboratório de Ecologia Espacial e Conservação (LEEC), Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho, UNESP, Rio Claro 13506-900, SP, Brazil
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Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Ambientais, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia 74690-900, GO, Brazil
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Floresta Nacional de Silvânia, Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade (ICMBio), Silvânia 75180-000, GO, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Yu Cao
Sustainability 2021, 13(10), 5606; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105606
Received: 5 April 2021 / Revised: 5 May 2021 / Accepted: 8 May 2021 / Published: 17 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Agricultural Landscape Stability and Sustainable Land Management)
The assessment of the relationships between farm management systems and nature conservation may help in the design of more efficient strategies to uphold economic benefits and biodiversity conservation. To our knowledge, this is the first work in Brazil to study the relationship between farm conservation status and technification level. Here, we test the hypothesis that dairy farms with higher levels of technification have a higher percentage of natural vegetation and connectivity, and that differences in environment features between farms explain their conservation status. We obtained variables related to the level of technification such as feed, milking, sanitary control and breeding management systems. We show that farmers with a higher level of technification, such as artificial insemination in cattle breeding, tended to conserve a higher percentage of natural vegetation, as well as larger farms with a higher percentage of riparian forest. The adoption of artificial insemination is associated with other technification systems such as a forage diet, milking method and frequency and sanitary control. It is also significantly related to higher milk productivity. Our novel results point to a positive effect of technification on the conservation of natural vegetation, suggesting that economic incentives and programs aimed at increasing technification in cattle breeding may increase dairy production and conservation within the study area. Our findings also show an effect of larger areas of riparian forests, which are protected by Brazilian policy, in the conservation status of dairy farms. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural landscapes; Conefor; connectivity; legal reserve; long-term ecological research; spatial-temporal heterogeneity agricultural landscapes; Conefor; connectivity; legal reserve; long-term ecological research; spatial-temporal heterogeneity
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MDPI and ACS Style

dos Santos, J.S.; Miziara, F.; Fernandes, H.d.S.; Miranda, R.C.; Collevatti, R.G. Technification in Dairy Farms May Reconcile Habitat Conservation in a Brazilian Savanna Region. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5606. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105606

AMA Style

dos Santos JS, Miziara F, Fernandes HdS, Miranda RC, Collevatti RG. Technification in Dairy Farms May Reconcile Habitat Conservation in a Brazilian Savanna Region. Sustainability. 2021; 13(10):5606. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105606

Chicago/Turabian Style

dos Santos, Juliana S.; Miziara, Fausto; Fernandes, Hayla d.S.; Miranda, Renato C.; Collevatti, Rosane G. 2021. "Technification in Dairy Farms May Reconcile Habitat Conservation in a Brazilian Savanna Region" Sustainability 13, no. 10: 5606. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105606

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