Next Article in Journal
Water-Energy Nexus: A Pathway of Reaching the Zero Net Carbon in Wastewater Treatment Plants
Next Article in Special Issue
Sustainable Open Pit Mining and Technical Systems: Concept, Principles, and Indicators
Previous Article in Journal
Economic and Social Sustainability: The Influence of Oligopolies on Inequality and Growth
Previous Article in Special Issue
Ophiolite Chromite Deposits as a New Source for the Production of Refractory Chromite Sands
Article

New Developments for the Sustainable Exploitation of Ornamental Stone in Carrara Basin

1
Department of Earth Sciences, University of Turin, 10125 Torino, Italy
2
Department of Environment, Land and Infrastructure Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2020, 12(22), 9374; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229374
Received: 22 October 2020 / Revised: 4 November 2020 / Accepted: 9 November 2020 / Published: 11 November 2020
The use of natural stone has historical and environmental value that makes it strategically valuable for landscape conservation in Europe. Marble, among others, is widely spread on Earth, and it offers high-performance features in architectural applications. However, the complexity of these formations and the rock variability in different ore bodies require detailed studies of the natural and induced stress state, the fracturing degree, and the influence of external factor (such as temperature and/or chemical agents) on the mechanical properties in order to optimize the exploitation processes by reducing extractive waste. This article shows a series of studies conducted by the authors over the last 20 years aimed at making the exploitation of marble blocks in the Carrara basin safer, more efficient, and, therefore, more sustainable. In particular, studies for increasing our knowledge of the natural and the induced stress state through on-site measurements and numerical modeling, studies to improve the quality of the exploited material through improvements of cutting technologies, studies to improve the knowledge of the mechanical behavior of the material under varying loads and temperature conditions, and studies to improve the reuse of water materials and their reduction are reported. View Full-Text
Keywords: ornamental stone; rock mass state of stress and fracturing; marble exploitation techniques; waste reduction ornamental stone; rock mass state of stress and fracturing; marble exploitation techniques; waste reduction
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Vagnon, F.; Dino, G.A.; Umili, G.; Cardu, M.; Ferrero, A.M. New Developments for the Sustainable Exploitation of Ornamental Stone in Carrara Basin. Sustainability 2020, 12, 9374. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229374

AMA Style

Vagnon F, Dino GA, Umili G, Cardu M, Ferrero AM. New Developments for the Sustainable Exploitation of Ornamental Stone in Carrara Basin. Sustainability. 2020; 12(22):9374. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229374

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vagnon, Federico, Giovanna A. Dino, Gessica Umili, Marilena Cardu, and Anna M. Ferrero. 2020. "New Developments for the Sustainable Exploitation of Ornamental Stone in Carrara Basin" Sustainability 12, no. 22: 9374. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12229374

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop