Next Article in Journal
Vehicle Management and Travel Data Analysis of E-Bus Adopted in JR Kesennuma Line
Previous Article in Journal
Influence of In-Wheel Motors Weight on a Swing-Arm Dynamic, Evaluation of Ride Comfort and Handling
World Electric Vehicle Journal is published by MDPI from Volume 9 issue 1 (2018). Articles in this Issue were published by The World Electric Vehicle Association (WEVA) and its member the European Association for e-Mobility (AVERE), the Electric Drive Transportation Association (EDTA), and the Electric Vehicle Association of Asia Pacific (EVAAP). They are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with AVERE.
Open AccessArticle

Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries – the Way forward for Low-Cost Micro and Mild Hybrid Vehicles

1,* and 2
European Advanced Lead-Acid Battery Consortium, 17a Welbeck Way, London W1G 9YJ. UK
Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium, PO Box 12036, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3(1), 61-68;
Published: 27 March 2009
PDF [996 KB, uploaded 14 May 2018]


The Advanced Lead Acid Battery Consortium has been researching into VRLA batteries since 1992, initially for electric vehicle (EV) applications, where it achieved significant life extension in deep cycle duty. More recently it has focussed its work on hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) applications where the battery has to operate in High-Rate Partial State-of-Charge (HRPSoC) conditions. Whereas in EV operation failure occurs in the positive plate, in HEV duty, failure is due to negative plate sulfation, resulting in rapid loss of capacity. Ways of overcoming this have been investigated successfully and the ALABC is undertaking vehicle demonstration programmes to publicise this work.
Keywords: e-regulated lead-acid; Bipolar; HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle) e-regulated lead-acid; Bipolar; HEV (Hybrid Electric Vehicle)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Cooper, A.; Moseley, P. Advanced Lead-Acid Batteries – the Way forward for Low-Cost Micro and Mild Hybrid Vehicles. World Electr. Veh. J. 2009, 3, 61-68.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
World Electr. Veh. J. EISSN 2032-6653 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top