Next Article in Journal
The Effect of Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV) Strains and the Corresponding Infected-Macrophages’ Supernatant on Macrophage Inflammatory Function and Lymphocyte Apoptosis
Previous Article in Journal
Distinct New York City Aedes albopictus Mosquito Populations Display Differences in Salivary Gland Protein D7 Diversity and Chikungunya Virus Replication
Previous Article in Special Issue
mRNA Profile in Milk Extracellular Vesicles from Bovine Leukemia Virus-Infected Cattle
Open AccessReview

Extracellular Vesicles in Viral Infections of the Nervous System

1
Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-5880, USA
2
Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this study.
Viruses 2020, 12(7), 700; https://doi.org/10.3390/v12070700
Received: 30 May 2020 / Revised: 19 June 2020 / Accepted: 25 June 2020 / Published: 28 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Viruses and Extracellular Vesicles)
Almost all types of cells release extracellular vesicles (EVs) into the extracellular space. EVs such as exosomes and microvesicles are membrane-bound vesicles ranging in size from 30 to 1000 nm in diameter. Under normal conditions, EVs mediate cell to cell as well as inter-organ communication via the shuttling of their cargoes which include RNA, DNA and proteins. Under pathological conditions, however, the number, size and content of EVs are found to be altered and have been shown to play crucial roles in disease progression. Emerging studies have demonstrated that EVs are involved in many aspects of viral infection-mediated neurodegenerative diseases. In the current review, we will describe the interactions between EV biogenesis and the release of virus particles while also reviewing the role of EVs in various viral infections, such as HIV-1, HTLV, Zika, CMV, EBV, Hepatitis B and C, JCV, and HSV-1. We will also discuss the potential uses of EVs and their cargoes as biomarkers and therapeutic vehicles for viral infections. View Full-Text
Keywords: virus; HIV-1; Zika; exosome; neurodegenerative diseases virus; HIV-1; Zika; exosome; neurodegenerative diseases
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kutchy, N.A.; Peeples, E.S.; Sil, S.; Liao, K.; Chivero, E.T.; Hu, G.; Buch, S. Extracellular Vesicles in Viral Infections of the Nervous System. Viruses 2020, 12, 700.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop