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Open AccessArticle

Atmospheric Nitrogen Dioxide Improves Photosynthesis in Mulberry Leaves via Effective Utilization of Excess Absorbed Light Energy

School of Life Sciences, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, Heilongjiang, China
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Forests 2019, 10(4), 312; https://doi.org/10.3390/f10040312
Received: 10 February 2019 / Revised: 30 March 2019 / Accepted: 30 March 2019 / Published: 5 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Relationship between Forest Ecophysiology and Environment)
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) is recognized as a toxic gaseous air pollutant. However, atmospheric NO2 can be absorbed by plant leaves and subsequently participate in plant nitrogen metabolism. The metabolism of atmospheric NO2 utilizes and consumes the light energy that leaves absorb. As such, it remains unclear whether the consumption of photosynthetic energy through nitrogen metabolism can decrease the photosynthetic capacity of plant leaves or not. In this study, we fumigated mulberry (Morus alba L.) plants with 4 μL·L−1 NO2 and analyzed the distribution of light energy absorbed by plants in NO2 metabolism using gas exchange and chlorophyll a fluorescence technology, as well as biochemical methods. NO2 fumigation enhanced the nitrogen metabolism of mulberry leaves, improved the photorespiration rate, and consumed excess light energy to protect the photosynthetic apparatus. Additionally, the excess light energy absorbed by the photosystem II reaction center in leaves of mulberry was dissipated in the form of heat dissipation. Thus, light energy was absorbed more efficiently in photosynthetic carbon assimilation in mulberry plants fumigated with 4 μL·L−1 NO2, which in turn increased the photosynthetic efficiency of mulberry leaves. View Full-Text
Keywords: nitrogen dioxide; nitrogen metabolism; photorespiration; heat dissipation; excess absorbed light energy; electron transfer; photochemical efficiency nitrogen dioxide; nitrogen metabolism; photorespiration; heat dissipation; excess absorbed light energy; electron transfer; photochemical efficiency
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Jin, W.; Che, Y.; Huang, D.; Wang, J.; Zhao, M.; Sun, G. Atmospheric Nitrogen Dioxide Improves Photosynthesis in Mulberry Leaves via Effective Utilization of Excess Absorbed Light Energy. Forests 2019, 10, 312. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10040312

AMA Style

Wang Y, Jin W, Che Y, Huang D, Wang J, Zhao M, Sun G. Atmospheric Nitrogen Dioxide Improves Photosynthesis in Mulberry Leaves via Effective Utilization of Excess Absorbed Light Energy. Forests. 2019; 10(4):312. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10040312

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Yue; Jin, Weiwei; Che, Yanhui; Huang, Dan; Wang, Jiechen; Zhao, Meichun; Sun, Guangyu. 2019. "Atmospheric Nitrogen Dioxide Improves Photosynthesis in Mulberry Leaves via Effective Utilization of Excess Absorbed Light Energy" Forests 10, no. 4: 312. https://doi.org/10.3390/f10040312

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