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Article

Bionanocellulose/Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Composites Produced by In-Situ Method and Ex-Situ/Impregnation or Sterilization Methods

1
Bowil Biotech Sp. z.o.o., 7 Skandynawska St., 84-120 Władysławowo, Poland
2
Faculty of Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 7 Gagarina St., 87-100 Toruń, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Armando J.D. Silvestre, Carmen S.R. Freire and Carla Vilela
Materials 2021, 14(21), 6340; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14216340
Received: 1 October 2021 / Revised: 20 October 2021 / Accepted: 21 October 2021 / Published: 23 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Bacterial Nanocellulose-Based Materials)
The purpose of the work was to obtain composites based on bionanocellulose (BNC) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) for specific biomedical and cosmetic applications and to determine how the method and conditions of their preparation affect their utility properties. Three different ways of manufacturing these composites (in-situ method and ex-situ methods combined with sterilization or impregnation) were presented. The structure and morphology of BNC/PVA composites were studied by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and scanning microscopy (SEM, AFM). Surface properties were tested by contact angle measurements. The degree of crystallinity of the BNC fibrils was determined by means of the XRD method. The mechanical properties of the BNC/PVA films were examined using tensile tests and via the determination of their bursting strength. The water uptake of the obtained materials was determined through the gravimetric method. The results showed that PVA added to the nutrient medium caused an increase in biosynthesis yield. Moreover, an increase in base weight was observed in composites of all types due to the presence of PVA. The ex-situ composites revealed excellent water absorption capacity. The in-situ composites appeared to be the most durable and elastic materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: bionanocellulose; poly(vinyl alcohol); bacterial synthesis; composite characterization bionanocellulose; poly(vinyl alcohol); bacterial synthesis; composite characterization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Długa, A.; Kowalonek, J.; Kaczmarek, H. Bionanocellulose/Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Composites Produced by In-Situ Method and Ex-Situ/Impregnation or Sterilization Methods. Materials 2021, 14, 6340. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14216340

AMA Style

Długa A, Kowalonek J, Kaczmarek H. Bionanocellulose/Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Composites Produced by In-Situ Method and Ex-Situ/Impregnation or Sterilization Methods. Materials. 2021; 14(21):6340. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14216340

Chicago/Turabian Style

Długa, Aldona, Jolanta Kowalonek, and Halina Kaczmarek. 2021. "Bionanocellulose/Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Composites Produced by In-Situ Method and Ex-Situ/Impregnation or Sterilization Methods" Materials 14, no. 21: 6340. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14216340

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