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Building-Information-Modeling Based Approach to Simulate Strategic Location of Shelter in Place and Its Strengthening Method

School of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, Korea University, 125 Anam-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02841, Korea
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Academic Editors: Andrea Petrella and Neven Ukrainczyk
Materials 2021, 14(13), 3456; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14133456
Received: 13 April 2021 / Revised: 7 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 22 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Construction and Building Materials)
It is important to consider establishing a shelter in place (SIP) using existing facilities to prepare for unpredictable and no-notice disasters. In this study, we evaluate the building-information-modeling (BIM)-based approach to simulate the strategic location of SIP and its strengthening method. BIM software was used to model a light rail station and analyze the elements of the facility that can affect the evacuation time to reach the SIP. The purpose of this study was to understand the effects of structural standards on the design of SIPs using a direct simulation. The differences between domestic and overseas standards were analyzed. An analysis was carried out to evaluate whether national specifications are satisfactory. As the proposed evacuation method is based on a rational human behavior analysis through a direct simulation, it was going to be a safer and faster route of evacuation in the case of physical terror attack situations for existing infrastructure, Furthermore, the SIP design is considered where reinforcement of the SIP structure is necessary. Three types of reinforcing were considered. Here, the use of high-strength, high-ductility concrete proved to be an effective method to improve the impact resistance of reinforced concrete walls and recommended for strengthening reinforced concrete members. View Full-Text
Keywords: building information modeling; evacuation simulation; shelter in place; low-velocity impact; strengthening method building information modeling; evacuation simulation; shelter in place; low-velocity impact; strengthening method
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, Y.-H.; Choi, J.-S.; Yuan, T.-F.; Yoon, Y.-S. Building-Information-Modeling Based Approach to Simulate Strategic Location of Shelter in Place and Its Strengthening Method. Materials 2021, 14, 3456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14133456

AMA Style

Kim Y-H, Choi J-S, Yuan T-F, Yoon Y-S. Building-Information-Modeling Based Approach to Simulate Strategic Location of Shelter in Place and Its Strengthening Method. Materials. 2021; 14(13):3456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14133456

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Young-Hwi, Jin-Seok Choi, Tian-Feng Yuan, and Young-Soo Yoon. 2021. "Building-Information-Modeling Based Approach to Simulate Strategic Location of Shelter in Place and Its Strengthening Method" Materials 14, no. 13: 3456. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14133456

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