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Open AccessArticle

Properties of Cracking Patterns of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Cement Matrix

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Lublin University of Technology, 40 Nadbystrzycka Str., 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Materials 2019, 12(18), 2942; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12182942
Received: 19 August 2019 / Revised: 7 September 2019 / Accepted: 9 September 2019 / Published: 11 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Construction and Building Materials)
The research presented in this paper presents a quantitative analysis of cracking patterns on the surface of cement paste, which has been modified by the addition of the multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). The cracking patterns analyzed were created as a result of increased temperature load. MWCNTs were used as an aqueous dispersion in the presence of a surfactant, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). Four series of the cement paste were tested, and the samples differed in the water/cement (w/c) ratio, cement class, and the presence of MWCNTs. Image analysis tools were used to quantify the cracking patterns and it was proposed to measure parameters, such as the average cluster area, average cluster perimeter, average crack width, and crack density. In order to facilitate the image analysis process, the sample surface was subjected to preparation and using statistical analysis tools it was assessed whether the method of surface preparation affects the way the sample is cracked. The paper also presents the analysis of the relationships that occur between parameters describing the cracking patterns, and also with the physico-mechanical properties of the cement pastes. It was attempted to explain the dependencies using elements of fractal theory and the theory of dispersion systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: cement paste; cement matrix; cement; MWCNT; cracking patterns; elevated temperature; image analysis cement paste; cement matrix; cement; MWCNT; cracking patterns; elevated temperature; image analysis
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Szeląg, M. Properties of Cracking Patterns of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube-Reinforced Cement Matrix. Materials 2019, 12, 2942.

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