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Influence of Freeze/Thaw Cycles on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Masonry Wall and Masonry Wall Materials

1
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Architecture Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Vladimira Preloga 3, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
2
Civil Engineering Institut of Croatia, Drinska 18, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(8), 1464; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12081464
Received: 7 March 2019 / Revised: 5 April 2019 / Accepted: 14 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
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Abstract

In this study, the influence of freeze/thaw cycles on the mechanical and thermal properties of bricks and mortar as building parts of masonry walls, as well as the influence on the masonry wall itself is investigated. At the material level, the influence of freeze and thaw cycles on the mechanical and thermal properties of masonry components (bricks and mortar) was investigated; at the construction level, the influence of freeze and thaw cycles on the mechanical and thermal properties of a masonry wall was studied. To study the influence of freezing on the energy demand characteristics of masonry buildings, in terms of energy conservation and greenhouse gas emission, a case study was investigated on a typical structure of a historical building located in Croatia, that had undergone a process of energy certification. The applied freeze/thaw regime negatively influenced the compressive strength and the thermal properties of bricks and mortar, as well as the mechanical and thermal properties of the wall. Considering the thermal properties of the material before and after its exposure to freeze/thaw cycles, we concluded that the annual energy consumption, the heating costs, and the CO2 emission of a family house could increase up to 3.7% after frost action in the studied case. View Full-Text
Keywords: clay brick; mortar; freeze/thaw action; wall properties; energy consumption; emission of CO2 clay brick; mortar; freeze/thaw action; wall properties; energy consumption; emission of CO2
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Netinger Grubeša, I.; Teni, M.; Krstić, H.; Vračević, M. Influence of Freeze/Thaw Cycles on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Masonry Wall and Masonry Wall Materials. Energies 2019, 12, 1464.

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