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Energies 2019, 12(6), 987; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12060987

A Remaining Discharge Energy Prediction Method for Lithium-Ion Battery Pack Considering SOC and Parameter Inconsistency

1,2
,
1,2
and
1,2,*
1
Clean Energy Automotive Engineering Center, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China
2
School of Automotive Studies, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 10 March 2019 / Published: 13 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Electric Vehicles)
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Abstract

The remaining discharge energy prediction of the battery pack is an important function of a battery management system. One of the key factors contributing to the inaccuracy of battery pack remaining discharge energy prediction is the inconsistency of the state and model parameters. For a batch of lithium-ion batteries with nickel cobalt aluminum oxide cathode material, after analyzing the characteristics of battery model parameter inconsistency, a “specific and difference” model considering state of charge and R0 inconsistency is established. The dual time-scale dual extended Kalman filter algorithm is proposed to estimate the state of charge and R0 of each cell in the battery pack, and the remaining discharge energy prediction algorithm of the battery pack is established. The effectiveness of the state estimation and remaining discharge energy prediction algorithm is verified. The results show that the state of charge estimation error of each cell is less than 1%, and the remaining discharge energy prediction error of the battery pack is less than 1% over the entire discharge cycle. The main reason which causes the difference between the “specific and difference” and “mean and difference” models is the nonlinearity of the battery’s state of charge - open circuit voltage curve. When the nonlinearity is serious, the “specific and difference” model has higher precision. View Full-Text
Keywords: lithium-ion battery pack; inconsistency; SOC estimation; remaining discharge energy prediction lithium-ion battery pack; inconsistency; SOC estimation; remaining discharge energy prediction
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Fang, Q.; Wei, X.; Dai, H. A Remaining Discharge Energy Prediction Method for Lithium-Ion Battery Pack Considering SOC and Parameter Inconsistency. Energies 2019, 12, 987.

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