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Energies 2019, 12(3), 529; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12030529

Comparative Assessment of Climate Change Mitigation Policies in Fuel Combustion Sector of Lithuania and Bulgaria

1
Kaunas Faculty, Vilnius University, Muitines 8, LT-44280 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Lithuanian Institute of Agrarian Economics, V. Kudirkos Str. 18–2, 03105 Vilnius, Lithuania
3
Kaunas Faculty, Vilnius University, Muitines 8, LT-44280 Kaunas, Lithuania
4
Lithuanian Energy Institute, Breslaujos 3, LT-44403 Kaunas, Lithuania
5
Faculty of Bioeconomy Development, Vytautas Magnus University Agriculture Academy, Universiteto g.10, 53361 Kaunas, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 December 2018 / Revised: 21 January 2019 / Accepted: 31 January 2019 / Published: 7 February 2019
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Abstract

The paper performed comparative assessment of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission trends and climate change mitigation policies in the fuel combustion sector of selected EU member states with similar economic development levels and historical pasts, and implementing main EU energy and climate change mitigation policies, having achieved different success in GHG emission reduction. The impact of climate change mitigation policies on GHG emission reduction was assessed based on analysis of countries’ reports to UNFCCC by identifying the key areas of GHG emission reduction, their GHG emission reduction potential, and the driving forces behind them. The study revealed that climate change mitigation policies that have been implemented so far in Bulgaria are less efficient than in Lithuania, as Bulgaria places priorities not on energy efficiency improvement and penetration of renewable energy sources, but on switching from coal to natural gas. The policy implications for strengthening GHG emissions reduction efforts are provided based on analysis conducted. View Full-Text
Keywords: GHG emissions from fuel combustion; climate change mitigation policies in the energy sector; comparative assessment; Bulgaria; Lithuania GHG emissions from fuel combustion; climate change mitigation policies in the energy sector; comparative assessment; Bulgaria; Lithuania
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Mikalauskiene, A.; Štreimikis, J.; Mikalauskas, I.; Stankūnienė, G.; Dapkus, R. Comparative Assessment of Climate Change Mitigation Policies in Fuel Combustion Sector of Lithuania and Bulgaria. Energies 2019, 12, 529.

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