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Open AccessArticle

A Novel High-Frequency Voltage Standing-Wave Ratio-Based Grounding Electrode Line Fault Supervision in Ultra-High Voltage DC Transmission Systems

1
State Grid Sichuan Electric Power Research Institute, Chengdu 610072, China
2
School of Energy Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
3
Department of Electrical Engineering, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Silvio Simani
Energies 2017, 10(3), 309; https://doi.org/10.3390/en10030309
Received: 28 December 2016 / Revised: 21 February 2017 / Accepted: 28 February 2017 / Published: 5 March 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Smart Grid)
In order to improve the fault monitoring performance of grounding electrode lines in ultra-high voltage DC (UHVDC) transmission systems, a novel fault monitoring approach based on the high-frequency voltage standing-wave ratio (VSWR) is proposed in this paper. The VSWR is defined considering a lossless transmission line, and the characteristics of the VSWR under different conditions are analyzed. It is shown that the VSWR equals 1 when the terminal resistance completely matches the characteristic impedance of the line, and when a short circuit fault occurs on the grounding electrode line, the VSWR will be greater than 1. The VSWR will approach positive infinity under metallic earth fault conditions, whereas the VSWR in non-metallic earth faults will be smaller. Based on these analytical results, a fault supervision criterion is formulated. The effectiveness of the proposed VSWR-based fault supervision technique is verified with a typical UHVDC project established in Power Systems Computer Aided Design/Electromagnetic Transients including DC(PSCAD/EMTDC). Simulation results indicate that the proposed strategy can reliably identify the grounding electrode line fault and has strong anti-fault resistance capability. View Full-Text
Keywords: UHVDC transmission system; grounding electrode line; fault supervision; voltage standing-wave ratio; injected current source UHVDC transmission system; grounding electrode line; fault supervision; voltage standing-wave ratio; injected current source
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MDPI and ACS Style

Teng, Y.; Li, X.; Huang, Q.; Wang, Y.; Jing, S.; Jiang, Z.; Zhen, W. A Novel High-Frequency Voltage Standing-Wave Ratio-Based Grounding Electrode Line Fault Supervision in Ultra-High Voltage DC Transmission Systems. Energies 2017, 10, 309. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10030309

AMA Style

Teng Y, Li X, Huang Q, Wang Y, Jing S, Jiang Z, Zhen W. A Novel High-Frequency Voltage Standing-Wave Ratio-Based Grounding Electrode Line Fault Supervision in Ultra-High Voltage DC Transmission Systems. Energies. 2017; 10(3):309. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10030309

Chicago/Turabian Style

Teng, Yufei; Li, Xiaopeng; Huang, Qi; Wang, Yifei; Jing, Shi; Jiang, Zhenchao; Zhen, Wei. 2017. "A Novel High-Frequency Voltage Standing-Wave Ratio-Based Grounding Electrode Line Fault Supervision in Ultra-High Voltage DC Transmission Systems" Energies 10, no. 3: 309. https://doi.org/10.3390/en10030309

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