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Article

Virtual or In-Person: A Mixed Methods Survey to Determine Exercise Programming Preferences during COVID-19

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Department of Physical Therapy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G4, Canada
2
Department of Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2R3, Canada
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Cross Cancer Institute, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, AB T6G 1Z2, Canada
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Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6C 1C9, Canada
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Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 4N1, Canada
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Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
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Cancer Care Alberta, Alberta Health Services, Edmonton, AB T5J 3E4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Curr. Oncol. 2022, 29(10), 6735-6748; https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol29100529 (registering DOI)
Received: 26 July 2022 / Revised: 24 August 2022 / Accepted: 9 September 2022 / Published: 20 September 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Palliative and Supportive Care)
A survey was conducted to identify barriers and facilitators to engaging in virtual and in-person cancer-specific exercise during COVID-19. A theory-informed, multi-method, cross-sectional survey was electronically distributed to 192 individuals with cancer investigating preferences towards exercise programming during COVID-19. Respondents had previously participated in an exercise program and comprised two groups: those who had experience with virtual exercise programming (‘Virtual’) and those who had only taken part in in-person exercise (‘In-Person’). Quantitative data were summarized descriptively. Qualitative data were thematically categorized using framework analysis and findings were mapped to an implementation model. The survey completion response rate was 66% (N = 127). All respondents identified barriers to attending in-person exercise programming during COVID-19 with concerns over the increased risk of viral exposure. Virtual respondents (n = 39) reported: (1) feeling confident in engaging in virtual exercise; and (2) enhanced motivation, accessibility and effectiveness as facilitators to virtual exercise. In-Person respondents (n = 88) identified: (1) technology as a barrier to virtual exercise; and (2) low motivation, accessibility and exercise effectiveness as barriers towards virtual exercise. Sixty-six percent (n = 58) of In-Person respondents reported that technology support would increase their willingness to exercise virtually. With appropriately targeted support, perceived barriers to accessing virtual exercise—including motivation, accessibility and effectiveness—may become facilitators. The availability of technology support may increase the engagement of individuals with cancer towards virtual exercise programming. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer; exercise; eHealth; implementation cancer; exercise; eHealth; implementation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Suderman, K.; Skene, T.; Sellar, C.; Dolgoy, N.; Pituskin, E.; Joy, A.A.; Culos-Reed, S.N.; McNeely, M.L. Virtual or In-Person: A Mixed Methods Survey to Determine Exercise Programming Preferences during COVID-19. Curr. Oncol. 2022, 29, 6735-6748. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol29100529

AMA Style

Suderman K, Skene T, Sellar C, Dolgoy N, Pituskin E, Joy AA, Culos-Reed SN, McNeely ML. Virtual or In-Person: A Mixed Methods Survey to Determine Exercise Programming Preferences during COVID-19. Current Oncology. 2022; 29(10):6735-6748. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol29100529

Chicago/Turabian Style

Suderman, Kirsten, Tara Skene, Christopher Sellar, Naomi Dolgoy, Edith Pituskin, Anil A. Joy, Susan Nicole Culos-Reed, and Margaret L. McNeely. 2022. "Virtual or In-Person: A Mixed Methods Survey to Determine Exercise Programming Preferences during COVID-19" Current Oncology 29, no. 10: 6735-6748. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol29100529

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