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Current Oncology is published by MDPI from Volume 28 Issue 1 (2021). Previous articles were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence, and they are hosted by MDPI on mdpi.com as a courtesy and upon agreement with Multimed Inc..

Curr. Oncol., Volume 27, Issue s1 (February 2020) – 5 articles

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Review
Molecular Targets and Novel Therapeutic Avenues in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma
Curr. Oncol. 2020, 27(s1), 34-40; https://doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5631 - 01 Feb 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 265
Abstract
Soft-tissue sarcoma (sts) represents a heterogeneous group of rare tumours, and a significant number of affected patients will develop metastatic disease. Outcomes in the population with metastatic disease are generally poor, especially after progression on standard chemotherapy. The advent of personalized [...] Read more.
Soft-tissue sarcoma (sts) represents a heterogeneous group of rare tumours, and a significant number of affected patients will develop metastatic disease. Outcomes in the population with metastatic disease are generally poor, especially after progression on standard chemotherapy. The advent of personalized medicine has permitted oncologists to offer targeted treatment, thus addressing the limited treatment options and poor prognosis after progression on first-line chemotherapy. In this review, we delineate the existing data and therapeutic successes with respect to existing and emerging molecular targets in sts and options for immunotherapy in sts. Our review also summarizes emerging clinical trials that are currently recruiting patients. Full article
Review
Update on Systemic Therapy for Advanced Soft-Tissue Sarcoma
Curr. Oncol. 2020, 27(s1), 25-33; https://doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5475 - 01 Feb 2020
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 306
Abstract
Background: Soft-tissue sarcoma (sts) represents a rare group of mesenchymal neoplasms comprising more than 50 heterogeneous subtypes. Great efforts have been made to increase the understanding of the treatment of advanced sts (unresectable or metastatic disease). We set out to [...] Read more.
Background: Soft-tissue sarcoma (sts) represents a rare group of mesenchymal neoplasms comprising more than 50 heterogeneous subtypes. Great efforts have been made to increase the understanding of the treatment of advanced sts (unresectable or metastatic disease). We set out to determine whether outcomes for patients with advanced sts have improved over time and to assess the current evidence for systemic therapy. Methods: In a scoping review, we evaluated the contemporary evidence for systemic treatment of advanced sts in adults (>18 years of age). Phase i, ii, and iii studies of systemic therapy for advanced sts published in the English language were included. After abstract and full-text review of seventy-seven studies, sixty-two trials met the inclusion criteria. Results: The number of clinical trials conducted and published in advanced sts has increased over the last 30 years. Although median overall survival has increased, attempts at improving first-line therapy through dose intensification, doublet chemotherapy, or alternative backbones have not been successful. The optimal therapy beyond anthracyclines remains a challenge, especially given the heterogeneity that grouping multiple sts subtypes within clinical trials creates. However, increasing numbers of agents are being studied, and several studies had shown isolated benefit in progression-free or overall survival. Summary: First-line systemic therapy with an anthracycline remains the standard of care for advanced sts. However, choice of subsequent therapy beyond anthracyclines remains challenging. Novel systemic therapies, use of molecular diagnostics to direct therapy, subtype-specific trials, and learnings from real-world retrospective data are all important for improving outcomes in patients with advanced sts. Full article
Review
Immunotherapy in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma
Curr. Oncol. 2020, 27(s1), 17-23; https://doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5407 - 01 Feb 2020
Cited by 23 | Viewed by 1231
Abstract
Soft-tissue sarcoma (sts) is a rare mesenchymal malignancy that accounts for less than 1% of all adult tumours. Despite the successful advancement of localized therapies such as surgery and radiotherapy, these tumours can, for many, recur—often with metastatic disease. In the [...] Read more.
Soft-tissue sarcoma (sts) is a rare mesenchymal malignancy that accounts for less than 1% of all adult tumours. Despite the successful advancement of localized therapies such as surgery and radiotherapy, these tumours can, for many, recur—often with metastatic disease. In the advanced setting, the role of systemic therapies is modest and is associated with poor survival. With the discovery of immunotherapies in other tumour types such as melanoma and lung cancer, interest has been renewed in exploring immunotherapy in sts. The biology of some stss makes them ripe for immunotherapy intervention; for example, some stss might have chromosomal translocations resulting in pathognomonic fusion products that have been shown to express cancer/testis antigens. Here, we present a targeted review of the published data and ongoing clinical trials for immunotherapies in patients with sarcoma, which comprise immune checkpoint inhibitors, adoptive cell therapies, and cancer vaccines. Full article
Review
Systemic Therapy in Pediatric-Type Soft-Tissue Sarcoma
Curr. Oncol. 2020, 27(s1), 6-16; https://doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5481 - 01 Feb 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 415
Abstract
Soft-tissue sarcoma (sts) is rare and represents approximately 7% of cancers in children and in adolescents less than 20 years of age. Rhabdomyosarcoma (rms) is most prevalent in children less than 10 years of age and peaks again during [...] Read more.
Soft-tissue sarcoma (sts) is rare and represents approximately 7% of cancers in children and in adolescents less than 20 years of age. Rhabdomyosarcoma (rms) is most prevalent in children less than 10 years of age and peaks again during adolescence (16–19 years of age). Multi-agent chemotherapy constitutes the mainstay of treatment for rms. In other non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft-tissue tumours, such as synovial sarcoma, evidence for routine use of chemotherapy is less robust, and alternative treatment options, including targeted agents and immunotherapy, are being explored. In this review, we focus on chemotherapy for pediatric-type rms and discuss the advances and challenges in systemic treatment for select non-rhabdomyosarcoma soft-tissue tumours in children and adolescents. We support an increasingly cooperative approach for treating pediatric and adult sts. Full article
Editorial
A Fresh Look at Therapeutic Advances in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma
Curr. Oncol. 2020, 27(s1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3747/co.27.5937 - 01 Feb 2020
Viewed by 198
Abstract
Soft-tissue sarcomas constitute a fascinating group of diseases [...]
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