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Open AccessReview

Filamentous Fungi in Drinking Water, Particularly in Relation to Biofilm Formation

1
IBB-Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal
2
Department of Antibiotics, Federal University of Pernambuco, Av. Prof. Morais Rego, 1235, 50670-901, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(2), 456-469; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8020456
Received: 30 December 2010 / Revised: 25 January 2011 / Accepted: 25 January 2011 / Published: 9 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Drinking Water and Health)
The presence of filamentous fungi in drinking water has become an area worthy of investigation with various studies now being published. The problems associated with fungi include blockage of water pipes, organoleptic deterioration, pathogenic fungi and mycotoxins. Fungal biofilm formation is a less developed field of study. This paper updates the topic and introduces novel methods on fungal biofilm analysis, particularly from work based in Brazil. Further recommendations for standard methodology are provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: fungal biofilms; drinking water; contaminants; filamentous fungi; water distribution system fungal biofilms; drinking water; contaminants; filamentous fungi; water distribution system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Siqueira, V.M.; Oliveira, H.M.B.; Santos, C.; Paterson, R.R.M.; Gusmão, N.B.; Lima, N. Filamentous Fungi in Drinking Water, Particularly in Relation to Biofilm Formation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 456-469. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8020456

AMA Style

Siqueira VM, Oliveira HMB, Santos C, Paterson RRM, Gusmão NB, Lima N. Filamentous Fungi in Drinking Water, Particularly in Relation to Biofilm Formation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011; 8(2):456-469. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8020456

Chicago/Turabian Style

Siqueira, Virgínia M.; Oliveira, Helena M.B.; Santos, Cledir; Paterson, R. Russell M.; Gusmão, Norma B.; Lima, Nelson. 2011. "Filamentous Fungi in Drinking Water, Particularly in Relation to Biofilm Formation" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, no. 2: 456-469. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8020456

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