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Article

Assessment of Physical Activity and Related Factors among Adults with Visual Impairments in Japan

1
College of Sports Sciences, Nihon University, Tokyo 154-8513, Japan
2
Department of Food and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Human Development, The University of Nagano, Nagano 380-8525, Japan
3
Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo 192-0397, Japan
4
Graduate School of Informatics and Engineering, University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo 182-8585, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sarah M. Camhi and Diego Augusto Santos Silva
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(4), 2244; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042244
Received: 9 November 2021 / Revised: 10 February 2022 / Accepted: 15 February 2022 / Published: 16 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health-Related Physical Activity and Exercise)
In Japan, there is a lack of physical activity data on health and disease among people with visual impairments, making it difficult to develop specific strategies for health promotion. This study aimed to identify moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among people with visual impairments in Japan, to examine the percentage of them who meet the MVPA recommended activity, and to identify factors related to MVPA. In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed a survey of 169 adults with visual impairments. The relationship between MVPA and related factors was analyzed using binomial logistic regression analysis. The median MVPA was 46 min/day for men and 36 min/day for women, respectively, aged < 65 years, and 26 min/day for men and 34 min/day for women, respectively, aged ≥ 65 years. Seventy-eight percent of the subjects achieved the recommendations by the WHO, and 28% of the subjects < 65 years had achieved the MVPA of 60 min/day recommended by the Japanese Active Guide. Self-efficacy (SE) for PA, recommended PA implementation behavior, subjective walking speed, and exercise habits were significantly associated with MVPA. The current status of MVPA time among people with visual impairments in Japan, as revealed by this study, indicates that it is important to set realistic goals and plan a step-by-step process to achieve the recommendation. In the future, it will be important to develop a program that encourages the improvement of SE and promotes PA. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; health promotion; self-efficacy; blind; visual impairment; accelerometer physical activity; health promotion; self-efficacy; blind; visual impairment; accelerometer
MDPI and ACS Style

Tatsuta, W.; Inayama, T.; Yamanaka, E.; Ohkawara, K. Assessment of Physical Activity and Related Factors among Adults with Visual Impairments in Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 2244. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042244

AMA Style

Tatsuta W, Inayama T, Yamanaka E, Ohkawara K. Assessment of Physical Activity and Related Factors among Adults with Visual Impairments in Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(4):2244. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042244

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tatsuta, Wakako, Takayo Inayama, Erika Yamanaka, and Kazunori Ohkawara. 2022. "Assessment of Physical Activity and Related Factors among Adults with Visual Impairments in Japan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 4: 2244. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19042244

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