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Review

Effects of Classroom Active Desks on Children and Adolescents’ Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Academic Achievements and Overall Health: A Systematic Review

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Laboratory of the Metabolic Adaptations to Exercise under Physiological and Pathological Conditions, (AME2P), UE3533, Clermont Auvergne University, 63170 Aubiere, France
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Auvergne Research Center for Human Nutrition (CRNH), 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE), 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research Group, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L1, Canada
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Department of Sport Medicine and Functional Explorations, Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, G. Montpied Hospital, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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UFR Médecine, Clermont Auvergne University, BP 10448, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jitse P. van Dijk
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(6), 2828; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062828
Received: 15 January 2021 / Revised: 1 March 2021 / Accepted: 2 March 2021 / Published: 10 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Children's Health)
The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the effects of active desks in the school setting on sedentary behavior, physical activity, academic achievements and overall health among children and adolescents aged 5–17 years. A systematic literature search was conducted using five databases until October 2020. Twenty-three studies were included. Studies reported an increase of around 36% in energy expenditure for cycling desks and between 15% and 27.7% for upright active desks. Children increased inhibitory control and selective attention capacity while using cycling desks. A heterogeneous quality of design and of results were observed limiting comparisons and conclusions for each active desk. Despite the lack of strong methodology for the included studies, active desks appear to be a promising intervention in classrooms to improve health-related outcomes in children aged 5–17 years. Due to weak methodology, future studies with stronger study designs and methodology are needed to better inform policy and practice about the role of classroom active desks on health-related outcomes in children and adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: academic achievements; active desks; adolescent; children; physical activity; sedentary behavior academic achievements; active desks; adolescent; children; physical activity; sedentary behavior
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guirado, T.; Chambonnière, C.; Chaput, J.-P.; Metz, L.; Thivel, D.; Duclos, M. Effects of Classroom Active Desks on Children and Adolescents’ Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Academic Achievements and Overall Health: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2828. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062828

AMA Style

Guirado T, Chambonnière C, Chaput J-P, Metz L, Thivel D, Duclos M. Effects of Classroom Active Desks on Children and Adolescents’ Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Academic Achievements and Overall Health: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(6):2828. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062828

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guirado, Terry, Camille Chambonnière, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Lore Metz, David Thivel, and Martine Duclos. 2021. "Effects of Classroom Active Desks on Children and Adolescents’ Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, Academic Achievements and Overall Health: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 6: 2828. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18062828

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