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Open AccessArticle

Associations between Objective and Subjective Housing Status with Individual Mental Health in Guangzhou, China

by 1,2, 3,4 and 5,*
1
School of Tourism and Geography Science, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
2
Research Center for Marine Management Strategy, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
3
School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
4
Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center for Public Security and Disaster, Guangzhou 510275, China
5
Institute of Studies of Greater Bay Area, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou 510006, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fernando Fajardo-Bullón
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 930; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030930
Received: 15 December 2020 / Revised: 9 January 2021 / Accepted: 14 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Housing and Homelessness)
Housing is an important social determinant of mental health. However, few studies simultaneously measure the objective housing status (i.e., housing tenure, living space, housing conditions, and housing stability) and subjective housing status (i.e., housing satisfaction) as well as examine their effects on people’s mental health (i.e., stress, anxiety, and depression). Thus, using a sample size of 1003 participants by two-stage random sampling survey in Guangzhou, China, this study applies multivariate ordinary least square regression models to comprehensively explore and compare the associations between objective and subjective housing status with mental health, and then analyze the moderating effects of subjective housing status on the relationships between objective housing status and mental health. The findings suggest that there are significant differences in people’s mental health based on different housing status. The subjective housing status can better explain the variances in mental health than objective housing status. Also, subjective housing status may partly mitigate the adverse impacts of objective housing disadvantages on some aspects of an individual’s mental health. Therefore, housing improvement policies and public health initiatives should be designed based on a comprehensive account of objective and subjective housing characteristics as well as their influences on specific aspects of mental health. View Full-Text
Keywords: objective housing status; subjective housing status; mental health; moderating effects objective housing status; subjective housing status; mental health; moderating effects
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xie, L.; Zhou, S.; Zhang, L. Associations between Objective and Subjective Housing Status with Individual Mental Health in Guangzhou, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 930. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030930

AMA Style

Xie L, Zhou S, Zhang L. Associations between Objective and Subjective Housing Status with Individual Mental Health in Guangzhou, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):930. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030930

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xie, Lijian; Zhou, Suhong; Zhang, Lin. 2021. "Associations between Objective and Subjective Housing Status with Individual Mental Health in Guangzhou, China" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 930. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030930

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