Next Article in Journal
Infectivity Upsurge by COVID-19 Viral Variants in Japan: Evidence from Deep Learning Modeling
Previous Article in Journal
Development and Validation of a Self-Efficacy Scale for Nursing Educators’ Role in Sri Lanka
Article

The Effect of Pre-Quarantine Physical Activity on Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms during the COVID-19 Lockdown in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

1
Department of Education and Movement Sciences, College of Education, Qassim University. P.O. Box 6688, Qassim 51452, Saudi Arabia
2
Britannia Sport and Exercise Science Academy, 6/7 Duff Street Lane, Edinburgh EH11 2HS, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Ellen Glickman and José Carmelo Adsuar Sala
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7771; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157771
Received: 19 May 2021 / Revised: 18 July 2021 / Accepted: 20 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sport and Health)
The outbreak of COVID-19 and the changes to normal societal function and in particular quarantine has increased mental distress in many nations. A survey of 22,112 COVID-19-negative quarantined participants in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (age: 18–40 years, 42.6%; 40–60 years, 53.3%; over 60 years, 4.1%; mass, 78.9 ± 14.8 kg; stature, 167 ± 8.7 cm) were assessed for depressive symptoms using the online Beck Depression Inventory self-report questionnaire. The relationship between pre-quarantine physical activity and mental health and wellbeing during lockdown has been investigated. A significant difference in body mass index (BMI) between active and inactive participants (p = 0.03) was observed; with females also recording a 3% higher BMI than males. All participants showed a decrease in mental health compared to pre-quarantine. However, pre-quarantine inactivity was found to result in a greater negative impact on mental health and well-being than those active pre-quarantine (p < 0.01). The sedentary population had a 4-fold greater incidence of mild-depression than the active population. This suggests that activity level plays an important role in shielding people from anxiety and stress, whilst it builds mental strength in individuals that can be called upon in trying and difficult situations. Nevertheless, pre-quarantine activity levels did not lead to any significant change in levels of extreme depression in the sample population. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; physical activity; physical inactivity; BDI; KSA; depression COVID-19; physical activity; physical inactivity; BDI; KSA; depression
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Alotaibi, A.S.; Boukelia, B. The Effect of Pre-Quarantine Physical Activity on Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms during the COVID-19 Lockdown in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7771. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157771

AMA Style

Alotaibi AS, Boukelia B. The Effect of Pre-Quarantine Physical Activity on Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms during the COVID-19 Lockdown in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7771. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157771

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alotaibi, Abdulazeem S., and Boukhemis Boukelia. 2021. "The Effect of Pre-Quarantine Physical Activity on Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms during the COVID-19 Lockdown in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7771. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157771

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop