Next Article in Journal
Factors Affecting Masticatory Satisfaction in Patients with Removable Partial Dentures
Next Article in Special Issue
“We Got an Invite into the Fortress”: VA-Community Partnerships for Meeting Veterans’ Healthcare Needs
Previous Article in Journal
The Effectiveness of Additional Core Stability Exercises in Improving Dynamic Sitting Balance, Gait and Functional Rehabilitation for Subacute Stroke Patients (CORE-Trial): Study Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial
Previous Article in Special Issue
It Starts with a Conversation: The Importance of Values as Building Blocks of Engagement Strategies in Community-Centered Public Health Research
Case Report

Engaging Diverse Community Groups to Promote Population Health through Healthy City Approach: Analysis of Successful Cases in Western Pacific Region

by 1,2,3,* and 2,4
1
Centre for Health Education and Health Promotion, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, China
2
Secretariat, Alliance for Healthy Cities, Tokyo 101-0062, Japan
3
Department of Rehabilitation Science, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
4
WHO Collaborating Centre for Healthy Cities and Urban Policy Research, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6617; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126617
Received: 29 April 2021 / Revised: 10 June 2021 / Accepted: 17 June 2021 / Published: 19 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Working with Communities to Promote Health)
Background: A substantial global burden of health can be attributed to unhealthy lifestyles and an unhealthy living environment. The concept of a Healthy City is continually creating and improving physical and social environments to enable healthy living. The aim of this paper is to investigate how the Healthy City concept would tackle the complexity of health by addressing the socio-economic and political determinants of health in the Western Pacific Region. Methods: The SPIRIT model adopted by the Alliance for Healthy Cities can provide a framework for an integrated and holistic approach to enable policy, environment, social matters, behaviours, and bio-medical interventions to take their rightful place side by side. The performance of cities awarded by the AFHC was analysed under each domain of the SPIRIT model to show the efforts striving to acquire the qualities of a healthy city. Findings: Two cities have incorporated the Healthy City concept in most of their policies outside the health sector, with a high level of commitment from city leaders and citizens, so the Health City activities were recognised as part of the means to advance the cityies’ general planning. One city has made use of its strong network of key stakeholders from different sectors and disciplines to establish a “Medical–Social–Community’ model. All three cities have collected health information to reflect health status, determinants of health and issues reflecting health promotion to enable the creation of a city health profile and show positive changes in health. The cities have engaged key stakeholders to launch a variety of health-promoting programmes according to the needs of the population. Conclusion: The AFHC can play an important role in linking the cities with strong action in Healthy City activities to support other cities in Healthy City development. View Full-Text
Keywords: health promotion; community engagement; healthy city; healthy setting; determinants of health; built environment; public health; urban governance; SPRIRIT framework; Alliance for Healthy Cities health promotion; community engagement; healthy city; healthy setting; determinants of health; built environment; public health; urban governance; SPRIRIT framework; Alliance for Healthy Cities
  • Supplementary File 1:

    ZIP-Document (ZIP, 148 KiB)

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Link: http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/med/hep/hchsc/SPIRIT_framework.pdf
    Description: Supplementary file 1 outlines the requirements under each domain and the key issues of the domains of SPIRIT framework Supplementary file 2 provides the details of three levels of AFHC awards Supplementary file 3 provides brief background of the three cities
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, A.; Nakamura, K. Engaging Diverse Community Groups to Promote Population Health through Healthy City Approach: Analysis of Successful Cases in Western Pacific Region. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126617

AMA Style

Lee A, Nakamura K. Engaging Diverse Community Groups to Promote Population Health through Healthy City Approach: Analysis of Successful Cases in Western Pacific Region. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126617

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Albert, and Keiko Nakamura. 2021. "Engaging Diverse Community Groups to Promote Population Health through Healthy City Approach: Analysis of Successful Cases in Western Pacific Region" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6617. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126617

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop