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Article

Factors Affecting Masticatory Satisfaction in Patients with Removable Partial Dentures

1
Division of Comprehensive Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata University, Niigata 951-8514, Japan
2
Department of Dentistry, Centro Escolar University, Manila 1000, Philippines
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eitan Mijiritsky
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6620; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126620
Received: 11 May 2021 / Revised: 15 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 20 June 2021
(1) Background: The degree of satisfaction with dental treatment varies among patients, and the discrepancy may exist between the patient’s subjective evaluation and the objective assessment. Further, the optimal methods for increasing patient satisfaction with mastication remain unclear. This study aimed to identify factors affecting masticatory satisfaction in patients with removable partial dentures. (2) Methods: A total of 132 participants (71.0 ± 9.0 years) were included. Masticatory satisfaction was assessed on a visual analog scale. An oral health survey was conducted to assess the number of functional teeth, missing tooth classification: Kennedy classification, occlusal support: Eichner classification, and removable partial dentures wearing jaw. Objective masticatory performance was assessed using gummy jelly, while subjective masticatory ability was assessed using food acceptance status and oral health-related quality of life. The associations of these factors with masticatory satisfaction were assessed. (3) Results: Masticatory satisfaction among removable partial denture wearers was not significantly associated with gender, age, denture wearing jaw, Kennedy classification, and occlusal support. The degree of masticatory satisfaction was significantly greater with higher levels of masticatory function: masticatory performance, food acceptance score, and OHIP-14 score. The OHIP-14 score was the only significant explanatory variable for masticatory satisfaction in the multiple regression analysis; the strongest associations were with the “psychological discomfort” and “physical disability” subscales (p = 0.02 and p = 0.005, respectively). (4) Conclusions: Masticatory satisfaction among removable partial denture wearers was strongly associated with oral health-related quality of life, in which the ability to eat meals comfortably with removable partial dentures is the most important determinant of masticatory satisfaction. View Full-Text
Keywords: dentures; removable partial denture; mastication; satisfaction; masticatory performance; quality of life dentures; removable partial denture; mastication; satisfaction; masticatory performance; quality of life
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoshimoto, T.; Hasegawa, Y.; Salazar, S.; Kikuchi, S.; Hori, K.; Ono, T. Factors Affecting Masticatory Satisfaction in Patients with Removable Partial Dentures. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126620

AMA Style

Yoshimoto T, Hasegawa Y, Salazar S, Kikuchi S, Hori K, Ono T. Factors Affecting Masticatory Satisfaction in Patients with Removable Partial Dentures. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126620

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yoshimoto, Tasuku, Yoko Hasegawa, Simonne Salazar, Satsuki Kikuchi, Kazuhiro Hori, and Takahiro Ono. 2021. "Factors Affecting Masticatory Satisfaction in Patients with Removable Partial Dentures" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6620. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126620

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