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Article

The Pathways Linking to Sleep Habits among Children and Adolescents: A Complete Survey at Setagaya-ku, Tokyo

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Research Institute for Health and Sport Science, Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo 158-8508, Japan
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School of Health and Sport Science, Osaka University of Health and Sport Science, Osaka 590-0496, Japan
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Faculty of Modern Life, Teikyo Heisei University, Tokyo 164-8530, Japan
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Doctoral Programme in Health and Sport Science, Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo 158-8508, Japan
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Faculty of Sport Science, Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo 158-8508, Japan
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Faculty of Pharmaceutical Science, Showa Pharmaceutical University, Tokyo 194-8543, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Karen Spruyt and Patricio Peirano
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6309; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126309
Received: 7 May 2021 / Revised: 4 June 2021 / Accepted: 9 June 2021 / Published: 10 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sleep in Children)
It has been noted that Japanese children sleep the least in the world, and this has become a major social issue. This study examined the pathways linked to sleep habits (SH) among children and adolescents. A questionnaire-based survey was conducted in March 2019 on children and their parents at all 63 public elementary and 29 public junior high schools in Setagaya-ku, Tokyo. For the analysis, 22,385 pairs of children–parent responses (valid response rate: 68.8%) with no missing data were used. This survey collected data on SH, physical activity (PA), screen time (ST) for the child, and lifestyle and neighborhood social capital (NSC) for the parents. Moreover, the pathways linking ‘NSC’ → ‘parental lifestyle’ → ‘child’s PA/ST’ →‘child’s SH’ were examined through structural equation modeling. The results indicated that children’s SH were affected by their PA and ST and influenced by the lifestyle of their parents and the NSC that surrounds them. Thus, we concluded that it is necessary to provide direct interventions and take additional measures with regard to parent lifestyle and their NSC to solve persistent sleep problems in children. View Full-Text
Keywords: school student; physical activity; screen time; parental lifestyle; neighborhood social capital school student; physical activity; screen time; parental lifestyle; neighborhood social capital
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MDPI and ACS Style

Noi, S.; Shikano, A.; Tanaka, R.; Tanabe, K.; Enomoto, N.; Kidokoro, T.; Yamada, N.; Yoshinaga, M. The Pathways Linking to Sleep Habits among Children and Adolescents: A Complete Survey at Setagaya-ku, Tokyo. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6309. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126309

AMA Style

Noi S, Shikano A, Tanaka R, Tanabe K, Enomoto N, Kidokoro T, Yamada N, Yoshinaga M. The Pathways Linking to Sleep Habits among Children and Adolescents: A Complete Survey at Setagaya-ku, Tokyo. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6309. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126309

Chicago/Turabian Style

Noi, Shingo; Shikano, Akiko; Tanaka, Ryo; Tanabe, Kosuke; Enomoto, Natsuko; Kidokoro, Tetsuhiro; Yamada, Naoko; Yoshinaga, Mari. 2021. "The Pathways Linking to Sleep Habits among Children and Adolescents: A Complete Survey at Setagaya-ku, Tokyo" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 12: 6309. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126309

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