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Article

Boredom Makes Me Sick: Adolescents’ Boredom Trajectories and Their Health-Related Quality of Life

1
Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, 80539 Munich, Germany
2
Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, 1010 Vienna, Austria
3
Department of Psychology, University of Essex, Colchester CO4 3SQ, UK
4
Institute for Positive Psychology and Education, Australian Catholic University, North Sydney, NSW 2060, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Wanja Wolff, Maik Bieleke, Corinna Martarelli and Julia Schüler
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6308; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126308
Received: 19 April 2021 / Revised: 8 June 2021 / Accepted: 8 June 2021 / Published: 10 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Boredom in Health, Education and Sports)
Existing research shows consistent links between boredom and depression, somatic complaints, substance abuse, or obesity and eating disorders. However, comparatively little is known about potential psychological and physical health-related correlates of academic boredom. Evidence for such a relationship can be derived from the literature, as boredom has adverse consequences in both work and achievement-related settings. The present study investigates latent correlations of 1.484 adolescents’ (Mage = 13.23) mathematics boredom scores at three time points during a semester in 2018/19 and their Rasch scaled health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Moreover, we applied latent growth curve modeling to estimate boredom trajectories across the semester and determined the relationship between the latent growth parameters of student boredom and HRQoL in bivariate correlation analyses. Our results show that boredom is significantly negatively linked with all HRQoL dimensions (physical well-being, psychological well-being, autonomy and parent relation, social support and peers, school environment [SCH], and general HRQoL [GH]). Furthermore, stronger increases in boredom across the semester were negatively associated with SCH scores and GH. In conclusion, given that boredom is negatively linked with HRQoL and that stronger boredom growth is linked with more severe health-related problems, signs of academic boredom could be an early warning signal for adolescents’ potentially severe problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: achievement emotions; boredom; adolescents; health-related quality of life achievement emotions; boredom; adolescents; health-related quality of life
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schwartze, M.M.; Frenzel, A.C.; Goetz, T.; Pekrun, R.; Reck, C.; Marx, A.K.G.; Fiedler, D. Boredom Makes Me Sick: Adolescents’ Boredom Trajectories and Their Health-Related Quality of Life. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6308. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126308

AMA Style

Schwartze MM, Frenzel AC, Goetz T, Pekrun R, Reck C, Marx AKG, Fiedler D. Boredom Makes Me Sick: Adolescents’ Boredom Trajectories and Their Health-Related Quality of Life. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6308. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126308

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schwartze, Manuel M.; Frenzel, Anne C.; Goetz, Thomas; Pekrun, Reinhard; Reck, Corinna; Marx, Anton K.G.; Fiedler, Daniel. 2021. "Boredom Makes Me Sick: Adolescents’ Boredom Trajectories and Their Health-Related Quality of Life" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 12: 6308. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126308

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