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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Effects of Anthropometric Growth and Basketball Experience on Physical Performance in Pre-Adolescent Male Players

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Department of Biomedical and Specialty Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Prevention, University of Ferrara, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
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Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, Faculty of Exercise and Sport Sciences, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
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Biomedical Sport Studies Center, University of Ferrara, 44121 Ferrara, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2196; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072196 (registering DOI)
Received: 26 February 2020 / Revised: 23 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 25 March 2020
During pre-adolescence, several variables connected to growth and weight status could influence physical performance and technical skills. This study aims to assess the influence of growth-related anthropometric changes, weight status, and basketball experience on physical performance in pre-adolescent basketball players. The sample consisted of 50 male basketball players (12.2 ± 0.4 years-old) included in the U-13 category. Anthropometric characteristics were collected using standard procedures. Physical performance was evaluated by 20 m Dash, T-test, squat jump, countermovement jump, and medicine ball throw. In order to assess growth-related changes, we conducted two surveys within a 10-week time span. Student’s t-test was used to compare the data collected in the two surveys and multiple regression analyses were performed to assess the effects of growth, weight status, and basketball experience on performance. After 10 weeks there was a significant increase in FFM (Fat-Free Mass) and a significant decrease in fat parameters. Moreover, between the two surveys, all motor tests significantly improved. The results of linear regression models showed that changes in %F (percentage of body fat) were significantly associated with speed and agility, while handgrip strength and weight status were associated with upper limb explosive strength. Basketball experience was a significant predictor of all three motor tests. In conclusion, body composition changes, years of experience, and weight status influenced physical performance and players’ motor skills ability, especially speed, agility, and upper limb explosive strength. View Full-Text
Keywords: sports practice; growth; pre-adolescents; team sports; anthropometry; motor tests sports practice; growth; pre-adolescents; team sports; anthropometry; motor tests
MDPI and ACS Style

Rinaldo, N.; Toselli, S.; Gualdi-Russo, E.; Zedda, N.; Zaccagni, L. Effects of Anthropometric Growth and Basketball Experience on Physical Performance in Pre-Adolescent Male Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2196.

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