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Containing COVID-19 by Matching Messages on Social Distancing to Emergent Mindsets—The Case of North America
Review

Consideration of the Psychological and Mental Health of the Elderly during COVID-19: A Theoretical Review

1
Department of Counselling Psychology, Sahmyook University, Seoul 01795, Korea
2
Department of Physical Therapy, Sahmyook University, Seoul 01795, Korea
3
Active Aging Research Institute, Sahmyook University, Seoul 01795, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8098; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218098
Received: 2 October 2020 / Revised: 30 October 2020 / Accepted: 30 October 2020 / Published: 3 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
COVID-19 has spread worldwide causing an unprecedented public health crisis. After the World Health Organization declared a pandemic in March 2020, the number of confirmed cases and deaths has continued to increase. This situation may be prolonged until an effective, tested, and safe treatment is available. COVID-19 can occur at any age. However, the maximum confirmed cases and deaths have occurred among the elderly. Particularly, the mental and physical health of the elderly aged above 60 and classified as high-risk groups is more vulnerable than other age groups, requiring more attention. Strong social restraint, social distancing, and quarantine measures to prevent the COVID-19 spread have raised concerns about their mental health. Therefore, it is crucial to analyze and identify the psychological concepts and protective factors that support and constitute these guidelines and strategies and prepare practical suggestions and guidelines to protect the mental health of the elderly during COVID-19. These discussions will facilitate a deeper understanding and expansion of these guidelines and strategies. Therefore, this study explores factors—including pandemic-induced stress, self-integration, self-efficacy, and resilience—in order to prepare practical and detailed suggestions and guidelines using studies that considered these factors, including coping with COVID-19-induced stress, social support, and physical activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; elderly; pandemic; protective factors; mental health COVID-19; elderly; pandemic; protective factors; mental health
MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, K.; Jeong, G.-C.; Yim, J. Consideration of the Psychological and Mental Health of the Elderly during COVID-19: A Theoretical Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8098. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218098

AMA Style

Lee K, Jeong G-C, Yim J. Consideration of the Psychological and Mental Health of the Elderly during COVID-19: A Theoretical Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(21):8098. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218098

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Kunho, Goo-Churl Jeong, and JongEun Yim. 2020. "Consideration of the Psychological and Mental Health of the Elderly during COVID-19: A Theoretical Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 21: 8098. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218098

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