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Open AccessArticle

Nexus between Air Pollution and Neonatal Deaths: A Case of Asian Countries

1
Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad, Attock Campus, Punjab 43600, Pakistan
2
Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), Hirschengraben 82, 8001 Zürich, Switzerland
3
Institute of Global Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, CH-1202, 8001 Geneva, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4148; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214148
Received: 30 September 2019 / Revised: 15 October 2019 / Accepted: 21 October 2019 / Published: 28 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution Impact on Children’s Health)
The rapid economic growth in Asian countries has witnessed a persistent increase in air pollution complementing adverse health challenges for children in these countries. Quantification of health effects attributable to air pollution (PM2.5) is important in policy implications to tackle air pollution and associated health problems. This study aims to explore the nexus between air pollution and neonates’ deaths embedded in acute respiratory infection. We collected panel data from the 12 most vulnerable Asian countries over the period of 2000–2017 and analyzed through the fixed-effect model. Empirical results show a positive relation between air pollution, temperature, and neonates’ deaths in the studied Asian countries. The results have attested negative impacts of income and education while positive effect of population density on neonates’ deaths due to acute respiratory infection. Diagnostic and prognostic measures have checked the pace of the respiratory diseases caused by PM2.5 and resultant deaths in Asian countries; yet alarming factors, like mounting industrial air pollution and rapid expansion of industrial zones in urban areas, need to be addressed in policy implications for long term sustainable solutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; temperature; acute respiratory infection; neonates’ deaths; Asian countries air pollution; temperature; acute respiratory infection; neonates’ deaths; Asian countries
MDPI and ACS Style

Anwar, A.; Ayub, M.; Khan, N.; Flahault, A. Nexus between Air Pollution and Neonatal Deaths: A Case of Asian Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4148. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214148

AMA Style

Anwar A, Ayub M, Khan N, Flahault A. Nexus between Air Pollution and Neonatal Deaths: A Case of Asian Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(21):4148. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214148

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anwar, Asim; Ayub, Muhammad; Khan, Noman; Flahault, Antoine. 2019. "Nexus between Air Pollution and Neonatal Deaths: A Case of Asian Countries" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 21: 4148. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214148

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