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Open AccessArticle

Physical Activity as a Regulatory Variable between Adolescents’ Motivational Processes and Satisfaction with Life

1
Teacher Training College, University of Extremadura, Avd. de la Universidad S/N, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
2
Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, Avd. de la Universidad S/N, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
3
Faculty of Sport Science, Faculty of Movement Sciences, University of Lisbon, 1499-002 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2765; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16152765
Received: 21 June 2019 / Revised: 28 July 2019 / Accepted: 31 July 2019 / Published: 2 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances of Adolescents and Children Health Research)
Framed within Self-Determination Theory, the objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between satisfaction and frustration of basic psychological needs, levels of motivation, physical activity, and satisfaction with life. Methods: A total of 487 students participated, comprising males (n = 262) and females (n = 225), aged between 14 and 16 years (M = 15.02; SD = 0.87), from different secondary schools. Results: A regression analysis was carried out (structural equation modeling) that revealed the existence of two theoretical lines, one positive and the other negative, where the satisfaction of basic psychological needs was positively related to autonomous motivation and physical activity, which predicted satisfaction with life. On the other hand, the frustration of basic psychological needs was positively related to controlled motivation, whereas controlled motivation (introjected regulation and extrinsic regulation) was inversely associated with physical activity and satisfaction with life. Conclusion: The results show the importance of motivational processes in physical activity, and the effects of physical activity on satisfaction with life in adolescents who spend more time engaged in physical activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: motivation; physical activity; well-being; adolescents; school health motivation; physical activity; well-being; adolescents; school health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vaquero Solís, M.; Sánchez-Miguel, P.A.; Tapia Serrano, M.Á.; Pulido, J.J.; Iglesias Gallego, D. Physical Activity as a Regulatory Variable between Adolescents’ Motivational Processes and Satisfaction with Life. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2765.

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