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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(9), 952; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14090952

Self-Rated Health Status and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in a Sample of Schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia. The FUPRECOL Study

1
Centro de Estudios para la Medición de la Actividad Física (CEMA), Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá DC 111221, Colombia
2
Grupo de Ejercicio Físico y Deportes, Vicerrectoría de Investigaciones, Universidad Manuela Beltrán, Bogotá DC 110231, Colombia
3
Department of Education Sciences, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
4
PROFITH “PROmoting FITness and Health through Physical Activity” Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sport, School of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, 18010 Granada, Spain
5
Laboratorio de Ciencias de la Actividad Física, el Deporte y la Salud, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, USACH, Santiago 9160030, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 25 July 2017 / Revised: 8 August 2017 / Accepted: 17 August 2017 / Published: 23 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Paediatric Exercise Science and Health)
Full-Text   |   PDF [355 KB, uploaded 23 August 2017]

Abstract

To evaluate the relationship between Self-Rated Health (SRH) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in a sample of children and adolescents enrolled in official schools in Bogotá, Colombia. A cross-sectional study was performed with 7402 children and adolescents between 9 and 17 years of age. Participants were asked to rate their health based on eight validated questions, addressing the participants propensity for headache, stomach-ache, backache, feeling-low, irritability/bad mood, nervousness, sleeping-difficulties, and dizziness. The choices were “rarely or never”, “almost every month”, “almost every week”, and “more than once a week/about every day”. Participants performed the international course-navette shuttle run test to estimate CRF, and cut-off points for age and gender were used to categorize the healthy/unhealthy fitness zone according to the FITNESSGRAM® criteria. Overall, 16.4% of those surveyed reported a perception of irritability/bad mood “more than once a week/about every day”, followed by feeling-low and nervousness (both with 9.9%). Dizziness had the lowest prevalence with a percentage of 6.9%. Unhealthy CRF in boys increased the likelihood of headaches by 1.20 times, stomach aches by 1.31 times, feeling-low by 1.29 times, nervousness by 1.24 times, and dizziness by 1.29 times. In girls, unhealthy CRF increased the likelihood of headaches by 1.19 times, backache by 1.26 times, feeling-low by 1.28 times, irritability/bad mood by 1.17 times, sleeping-difficulties by 1.20 times, and dizziness by 1.27 times. SRH was associated with CRF in both genders. Early identification of children and adolescents with low CRF levels will permit interventions to promote healthy behaviors and prevent future diseases during adulthood. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; sedentary life style; subjective perception of health; pain; fitness physical activity; sedentary life style; subjective perception of health; pain; fitness
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Ramírez-Vélez, R.; Silva-Moreno, C.; Correa-Bautista, J.E.; González-Ruíz, K.; Prieto-Benavides, D.H.; Villa-González, E.; García-Hermoso, A. Self-Rated Health Status and Cardiorespiratory Fitness in a Sample of Schoolchildren from Bogotá, Colombia. The FUPRECOL Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 952.

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