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Bostrychines A–F, Six Novel Mycosporine-Like Amino-Acids and a Novel Betaine from the Red Alga Bostrychia scorpioides

1
Institute of Pharmacy, Pharmacognosy, University of Innsbruck, Innrain 80−82, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2
Institute of Biological Sciences, Applied Ecology & Phycology, University of Rostock, Albert-Einstein-Str. 3, 18059 Rostock, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(6), 356; https://doi.org/10.3390/md17060356
Received: 3 May 2019 / Revised: 27 May 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 14 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mycosporine-Like Amino Acids from Marine Resource)
Various red algae have repeatedly been reported to produce a variety of UV-absorbing mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs), compounds that are well-known as natural sun-screens, as well as a plethora of betaines, metabolites which contribute to the osmotic balance under salt stress. Among other Rhodophyta, Bostrychia scorpioides, which is thriving as epiphyte on salt marsh plants in Europe and hence experiences extreme environmental conditions such as desiccation, UV-stress and osmotic stress, has barely been investigated for its secondary metabolites. In the present study, seven mycosporine like-amino acids and two betaines were isolated from Bostrychia scorpioides using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were confirmed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (HRMS). Six MAAs and one betaine were chemically characterized as new natural products. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bostrychia scorpioides; MAAs; Bostrychines A–F; betaines Bostrychia scorpioides; MAAs; Bostrychines A–F; betaines
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MDPI and ACS Style

Orfanoudaki, M.; Hartmann, A.; Miladinovic, H.; Nguyen Ngoc, H.; Karsten, U.; Ganzera, M. Bostrychines A–F, Six Novel Mycosporine-Like Amino-Acids and a Novel Betaine from the Red Alga Bostrychia scorpioides. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 356.

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