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Ulva lactuca, A Source of Troubles and Potential Riches

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Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Science, Campus Ourense, University of Vigo, As Lagoas, Galicia, 32004 Ourense, Spain
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Aix Marseille University, Avignon University Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Institut de la Recherche et du Développement (IRD), Institut Méditerranéen de Biologie et d’Ecologie (IMBE), Unité Mixte de Recherche CNRS 7263 IRD 237 Faculté St Jérôme, Avenue Escadrille Normandie Niemen, Provence, CEDEX 20, 13397 Marseille, France
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2019, 17(6), 357; https://doi.org/10.3390/md17060357
Received: 17 April 2019 / Revised: 4 June 2019 / Accepted: 12 June 2019 / Published: 14 June 2019
Ulva lactuca is a green macro alga involved in devastating green tides observed worldwide. These green tides or blooms are a consequence of human activities. Ulva blooms occur mainly in shallow waters and the decomposition of this alga can produce dangerous vapors. Ulva lactuca is a species usually resembling lettuce, but genetic analyses demonstrated that other green algae with tubular phenotypes were U. lactuca clades although previously described as different species or even genera. The capacity for U. lactuca to adopt different phenotypes can be due to environment parameters, such as the degree of water salinity or symbiosis with bacteria. No efficient ways have been discovered to control these green tides, but the Mediterranean seas appear to be protected from blooms, which disappear rapidly in springtime. Ulva contains commercially valuable components, such as bioactive compounds, food or biofuel. The biomass due to this alga collected on beaches every year is beginning to be valorized to produce valuable compounds. This review describes different processes and strategies developed to extract these different valuable components. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ulva lactuca; green tides; virus; bioactives; biofuels; biorefinery Ulva lactuca; green tides; virus; bioactives; biofuels; biorefinery
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Dominguez, H.; Loret, E.P. Ulva lactuca, A Source of Troubles and Potential Riches. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 357.

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