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Article

Cyber-Security Threats and Side-Channel Attacks for Digital Agriculture

1
Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
2
College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
3
I2M (Centrale Marseille, CNRS, Aix-Marseille University), 13009 Marseilles, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Leandros Maglaras, Helge Janicke and Mohamed Amine Ferrag
Sensors 2022, 22(9), 3520; https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093520
Received: 2 February 2022 / Revised: 6 April 2022 / Accepted: 12 April 2022 / Published: 5 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Topic Cyber Security and Critical Infrastructures)
The invention of smart low-power devices and ubiquitous Internet connectivity have facilitated the shift of many labour-intensive jobs into the digital domain. The shortage of skilled workforce and the growing food demand have led the agriculture sector to adapt to the digital transformation. Smart sensors and systems are used to monitor crops, plants, the environment, water, soil moisture, and diseases. The transformation to digital agriculture would improve the quality and quantity of food for the ever-increasing human population. This paper discusses the security threats and vulnerabilities to digital agriculture, which are overlooked in other published articles. It also provides a comprehensive review of the side-channel attacks (SCA) specific to digital agriculture, which have not been explored previously. The paper also discusses the open research challenges and future directions. View Full-Text
Keywords: side-channel attacks; vulnerability analysis; power analysis attack; security threats; cryptography; digital agriculture; smart agriculture; smart farming side-channel attacks; vulnerability analysis; power analysis attack; security threats; cryptography; digital agriculture; smart agriculture; smart farming
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alahmadi, A.N.; Rehman, S.U.; Alhazmi, H.S.; Glynn, D.G.; Shoaib, H.; Solé, P. Cyber-Security Threats and Side-Channel Attacks for Digital Agriculture. Sensors 2022, 22, 3520. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093520

AMA Style

Alahmadi AN, Rehman SU, Alhazmi HS, Glynn DG, Shoaib H, Solé P. Cyber-Security Threats and Side-Channel Attacks for Digital Agriculture. Sensors. 2022; 22(9):3520. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093520

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alahmadi, Adel N., Saeed Ur Rehman, Husain S. Alhazmi, David G. Glynn, Hatoon Shoaib, and Patrick Solé. 2022. "Cyber-Security Threats and Side-Channel Attacks for Digital Agriculture" Sensors 22, no. 9: 3520. https://doi.org/10.3390/s22093520

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