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Article

Differential Diagnosis of Cysts and Granulomas Supported by Texture Analysis of Intraoral Radiographs

1
Department of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
2
Department of Algorithmics and Software, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland
3
Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Medical College, Jagiellonian University, 31-501 Krakow, Poland
4
Department of Oral Surgery, Medical College, Jagiellonian University, 31-155 Krakow, Poland
5
Institute of Electronics, Lodz University of Technology, 93-590 Lodz, Poland
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dragan Indjin
Sensors 2021, 21(22), 7481; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21227481
Received: 15 October 2021 / Revised: 2 November 2021 / Accepted: 4 November 2021 / Published: 10 November 2021
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether textural analysis could differentiate between the two common types of lytic lesions imaged with use of radiography. Sixty-two patients were enrolled in the study with intraoral radiograph images and a histological reference study. Full textural analysis was performed using MaZda software. For over 10,000 features, logistic regression models were applied. Fragments containing lesion edges were characterized by significant correlation of structural information. Although the input images were stored using lossy compression and their scale was not preserved, the obtained results confirmed the possibility of distinguishing between cysts and granulomas with use of textural analysis of intraoral radiographs. It was shown that the important information distinguishing the aforementioned types of lesions is located at the edges and not within the lesion. View Full-Text
Keywords: texture features; classification; periapical lesions; intraoral radiography; tSNE; granulomas; cysts texture features; classification; periapical lesions; intraoral radiography; tSNE; granulomas; cysts
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pociask, E.; Nurzynska, K.; Obuchowicz, R.; Bałon, P.; Uryga, D.; Strzelecki, M.; Izworski, A.; Piórkowski, A. Differential Diagnosis of Cysts and Granulomas Supported by Texture Analysis of Intraoral Radiographs. Sensors 2021, 21, 7481. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21227481

AMA Style

Pociask E, Nurzynska K, Obuchowicz R, Bałon P, Uryga D, Strzelecki M, Izworski A, Piórkowski A. Differential Diagnosis of Cysts and Granulomas Supported by Texture Analysis of Intraoral Radiographs. Sensors. 2021; 21(22):7481. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21227481

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pociask, Elżbieta, Karolina Nurzynska, Rafał Obuchowicz, Paulina Bałon, Daniel Uryga, Michał Strzelecki, Andrzej Izworski, and Adam Piórkowski. 2021. "Differential Diagnosis of Cysts and Granulomas Supported by Texture Analysis of Intraoral Radiographs" Sensors 21, no. 22: 7481. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21227481

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