Next Article in Journal
A Comprehensive Review on Edge Caching from the Perspective of Total Process: Placement, Policy and Delivery
Previous Article in Journal
Estimating the Characteristic Curve of a Directional Control Valve in a Combined Multibody and Hydraulic System Using an Augmented Discrete Extended Kalman Filter

Tunable In Situ 3D-Printed PVDF-TrFE Piezoelectric Arrays

Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Ave SW, Washington, DC 20375, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jandro L. Abot
Sensors 2021, 21(15), 5032;
Received: 4 June 2021 / Revised: 9 July 2021 / Accepted: 17 July 2021 / Published: 24 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Materials)
In the functional 3D-printing field, poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-trifluoroethylene) (PVDF-TrFE) has been shown to be a more promising choice of material over polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), due to its ability to be poled to a high level of piezoelectric performance without a large mechanical strain ratio. In this work, a novel presentation of in situ 3D printing and poling of PVDF-TrFE is shown with a d33 performance of up to 18 pC N1, more than an order of magnitude larger than previously reported in situ poled polymer piezoelectrics. This finding paves the way forward for pressure sensors with much higher sensitivity and accuracy. In addition, the ability of in situ pole sensors to demonstrate different performance levels is shown in a fully 3D-printed five-element sensor array, accelerating and increasing the design space for complex sensing arrays. The in situ poled sample performance was compared to the performance of samples prepared through an ex situ corona poling process. View Full-Text
Keywords: PVDF; PVDF-TrFE; 3D printing; smart materials; sensors PVDF; PVDF-TrFE; 3D printing; smart materials; sensors
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ikei, A.; Wissman, J.; Sampath, K.; Yesner, G.; Qadri, S.N. Tunable In Situ 3D-Printed PVDF-TrFE Piezoelectric Arrays. Sensors 2021, 21, 5032.

AMA Style

Ikei A, Wissman J, Sampath K, Yesner G, Qadri SN. Tunable In Situ 3D-Printed PVDF-TrFE Piezoelectric Arrays. Sensors. 2021; 21(15):5032.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ikei, Alec, James Wissman, Kaushik Sampath, Gregory Yesner, and Syed N. Qadri. 2021. "Tunable In Situ 3D-Printed PVDF-TrFE Piezoelectric Arrays" Sensors 21, no. 15: 5032.

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop