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Article

Three Dimensional UAV Positioning for Dynamic UAV-to-Car Communications

1
Department of Electronics ICT—IDLab, Universiteit Antwerpen—imec, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
2
Department of Computer Engineering (DISCA), Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
3
Department of Software Engineering & Computer Applications (MOEVM), St. Petersburg Electrotechnical University “LETI”, 197022 St. Petersburg, Russia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(2), 356; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20020356
Received: 29 November 2019 / Revised: 28 December 2019 / Accepted: 29 December 2019 / Published: 8 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicular Sensor Networks: Applications, Advances and Challenges)
In areas with limited infrastructure, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) can come in handy as relays for car-to-car communications. Since UAVs are able to fully explore a three-dimensional environment while flying, communications that involve them can be affected by the irregularity of the terrains, that in turn can cause path loss by acting as obstacles. Accounting for this phenomenon, we propose a UAV positioning technique that relies on optimization algorithms to improve the support for vehicular communications. Simulation results show that the best position of the UAV can be timely determined considering the dynamic movement of the cars. Our technique takes into account the current flight altitude, the position of the cars on the ground, and the existing flight restrictions. View Full-Text
Keywords: PSO; genetic algorithm; ITS; UAV; simulation; dynamic positioning; 3D placement; vehicular communications PSO; genetic algorithm; ITS; UAV; simulation; dynamic positioning; 3D placement; vehicular communications
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hadiwardoyo, S.A.; Calafate, C.T.; Cano, J.-C.; Krinkin, K.; Klionskiy, D.; Hernández-Orallo, E.; Manzoni, P. Three Dimensional UAV Positioning for Dynamic UAV-to-Car Communications. Sensors 2020, 20, 356. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20020356

AMA Style

Hadiwardoyo SA, Calafate CT, Cano J-C, Krinkin K, Klionskiy D, Hernández-Orallo E, Manzoni P. Three Dimensional UAV Positioning for Dynamic UAV-to-Car Communications. Sensors. 2020; 20(2):356. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20020356

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hadiwardoyo, Seilendria A., Carlos T. Calafate, Juan-Carlos Cano, Kirill Krinkin, Dmitry Klionskiy, Enrique Hernández-Orallo, and Pietro Manzoni. 2020. "Three Dimensional UAV Positioning for Dynamic UAV-to-Car Communications" Sensors 20, no. 2: 356. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20020356

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