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Open AccessArticle

Development of a Magnetic Compound Fluid Rubber Stability Sensor and a Novel Production Technique via Combination of Natural, Chloroprene and Silicone Rubbers

1
Faculty of Symbiotic Systems Sciences, Fukushima University, 1 Kanayagawa, Fukushima 960-1296, Japan
2
Institute of Innovative Research, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1 Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8550, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(18), 3901; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19183901
Received: 28 July 2019 / Revised: 3 September 2019 / Accepted: 6 September 2019 / Published: 10 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
Expanding on our previous report, we investigate the stability of a magnetic compound fluid (MCF) rubber sensor that was developed for a variety of engineering applications. To stabilize this sensor, we proposed a novel combination technique that facilitates the addition of dimethylpolysiloxane (PDMS) to natural rubber (NR)-latex or chloroprene rubber (CR)-latex using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) by experimentally and theoretically investigating issues related to instability. This technique is one of several other novel combinations of diene and non-diene rubbers. Silicone oil or rubber with PDMS can be combined with NR-latex and CR-latex because of PVA’s emulsion polymerization behavior. In addition, owing to electrolytic polymerization based on the combination of PDMS and PVA, MCF rubber is highly porous and can be infiltrated in any liquid. Hence, the fabrication of novel intelligent rubbers using any intelligent fluid is feasible. By assembling infiltrated MCF rubber sheets and by conducting electrolytic polymerization of MCF rubber liquid with a hydrate using the adhesive technique as presented in a previous paper, it is possible to stabilize the MCF rubber sensor. This sensor is resistant to cold or hot water as well as γ-irradiation as shown in the previous report. View Full-Text
Keywords: dimethylpolysiloxane (PDMS); polyvinyl alcohol (PVA); diene rubber; non-diene rubber; piezo effect; induced voltage; mechanical property; metal complex hydrate; silicone oil rubber; natural rubber; chloroprene rubber; sensor; adhesion; electrolytic polymerization; magnetic cluster; magnetic field; magnetic compound fluid (MCF); robot dimethylpolysiloxane (PDMS); polyvinyl alcohol (PVA); diene rubber; non-diene rubber; piezo effect; induced voltage; mechanical property; metal complex hydrate; silicone oil rubber; natural rubber; chloroprene rubber; sensor; adhesion; electrolytic polymerization; magnetic cluster; magnetic field; magnetic compound fluid (MCF); robot
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Shimada, K.; Ikeda, R.; Kikura, H.; Takahashi, H. Development of a Magnetic Compound Fluid Rubber Stability Sensor and a Novel Production Technique via Combination of Natural, Chloroprene and Silicone Rubbers. Sensors 2019, 19, 3901.

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