A simple and sensitive electrochemical sensor was developed for the detection of tracelevels of luteolin. The sensoris based on a novel type of chemically modified electrode: gold nanocage (AuNCs)-modified carbon ionic liquid electrode (CILE). To construct this electrochemical sensing platform for luteolin, CILE is initially prepared by using 1-hexylpyridinium hexafluorophosphate as the binder and then AuNCs are coated on the surface of CILE to fabricate AuNCs-modified CILE (AuNCs/CILE). Electrochemical studies have shown that AuNCs/CILE can exhibit enhanced electrocatalytic activity toward the redox reaction of luteolin, therefore, the redox peak current of luteolin can be greatly improved, resulting in the high sensitivity of the developed sensor. Under the optimal conditions, the oxidation peak currents of the sensor increase linearly with an increase in the luteolin concentration in a range from 1 to 1000 nM with a detection limit of 0.4 nM, which is lower than those of most reported electrochemical luteolin sensors. Moreover, the reproducibility, precision, selectivity, and stability of this sensor are excellent. Finally, the sensing system was applied to the analysis of luteolin-spiked drug samples and the recovery in all cases was 95.0–96.7%, indicating the potential application of this simple, facile, and sensitive sensing system in pharmaceutical analysis.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited