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Phylogeny and Functions of LOB Domain Proteins in Plants

by Yuwen Zhang 1,2,†, Ziwen Li 1,2,†, Biao Ma 1,2, Quancan Hou 1,2 and Xiangyuan Wan 1,2,*
1
Zhongzhi International Institute of Agricultural Biosciences, Biology and Agriculture Research Center, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100024, China
2
Beijing Engineering Laboratory of Main Crop Bio-Tech Breeding, Beijing International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Bio-Tech Breeding, Beijing Solidwill Sci-Tech Co., Ltd., Beijing 100192, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(7), 2278; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21072278 (registering DOI)
Received: 15 February 2020 / Revised: 22 March 2020 / Accepted: 23 March 2020 / Published: 26 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Genetics and Molecular Breeding)
Lateral organ boundaries (LOB) domain (LBD) genes, a gene family encoding plant-specific transcription factors, play important roles in plant growth and development. At present, though there have been a number of genome-wide analyses on LBD gene families and functional studies on individual LBD proteins, the diverse functions of LBD family members still confuse researchers and an effective strategy is required to summarize their functional diversity. To further integrate and improve our understanding of the phylogenetic classification, functional characteristics and regulatory mechanisms of LBD proteins, we review and discuss the functional characteristics of LBD proteins according to their classifications under a phylogenetic framework. It is proved that this strategy is effective in the anatomy of diverse functions of LBD family members. Additionally, by phylogenetic analysis, one monocot-specific and one eudicot-specific subclade of LBD proteins were found and their biological significance in monocot and eudicot development were also discussed separately. The review will help us better understand the functional diversity of LBD proteins and facilitate further studies on this plant-specific transcription factor family. View Full-Text
Keywords: LOB domain; LBD gene family; transcription factor; phylogenetic analysis; functional diversity; plant growth and development LOB domain; LBD gene family; transcription factor; phylogenetic analysis; functional diversity; plant growth and development
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Zhang, Y.; Li, Z.; Ma, B.; Hou, Q.; Wan, X. Phylogeny and Functions of LOB Domain Proteins in Plants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2278.

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