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Review

An Overview of the Molecular Genetics of Plant Resistance to the Verticillium Wilt Pathogen Verticillium dahliae

Chongqing Engineering Research Center of Specialty Crop Resources and The College of Life Science, Chongqing Normal University, Chongqing 401331, China
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(3), 1120; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21031120
Received: 13 December 2019 / Revised: 9 January 2020 / Accepted: 28 January 2020 / Published: 7 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Disease Resistance)
Verticillium dahliae is a soil-borne hemibiotrophic fungus that can lead to plant vascular disease and significant economic loss worldwide. Its hosts include over 400 dicotyledon plant species, such as annual herbs, perennials, and woody plants. The average yield loss of cotton crop caused by Verticillium wilt is approximately 10–35%. As the control of this disease is an urgent task for many countries, further understanding of the interaction between plants and V. dahliae is essential. Fungi can promote or inhibit plant growth, which is important; however, the most important relationship between plants and fungi is the host–pathogen relationship. Plants can become resistant to V. dahliae through diverse mechanisms such as cell wall modifications, extracellular enzymes, pattern recognition receptors, transcription factors, and salicylic acid (SA)/jasmonic acid (JA)/ethylene (ET)-related signal transduction pathways. Over the last decade, several studies on the physiological and molecular mechanisms of plant resistance to V. dahliae have been undertaken. In this review, many resistance-related genes are summarised to provide a theoretical basis for better understanding of the molecular genetic mechanisms of plant resistance to V. dahliae. Moreover, it is intended to serve as a resource for research focused on the development of genetic resistance mechanisms to combat Verticillium wilt. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant resistance; resistance-related genes; vascular plant diseases; Verticillium dahliae plant resistance; resistance-related genes; vascular plant diseases; Verticillium dahliae
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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, R.; Li, J.; Xie, C.; Jian, W.; Yang, X. An Overview of the Molecular Genetics of Plant Resistance to the Verticillium Wilt Pathogen Verticillium dahliae. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 1120. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21031120

AMA Style

Song R, Li J, Xie C, Jian W, Yang X. An Overview of the Molecular Genetics of Plant Resistance to the Verticillium Wilt Pathogen Verticillium dahliae. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(3):1120. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21031120

Chicago/Turabian Style

Song, Ranran; Li, Junpeng; Xie, Chenjian; Jian, Wei; Yang, Xingyong. 2020. "An Overview of the Molecular Genetics of Plant Resistance to the Verticillium Wilt Pathogen Verticillium dahliae" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 21, no. 3: 1120. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21031120

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