The Impact of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease on Renal Function in Children with Overweight/Obesity
AbstractThe association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and chronic kidney disease has attracted interest and attention over recent years. However, no data are available in children. We determined whether children with NAFLD show signs of renal functional alterations, as determined by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urinary albumin excretion. We studied 596 children with overweight/obesity, 268 with NAFLD (hepatic fat fraction ≥5% on magnetic resonance imaging) and 328 without NAFLD, and 130 healthy normal-weight controls. Decreased GFR was defined as eGFR < 90 mL/min/1.73 m2. Abnormal albuminuria was defined as urinary excretion of ≥30 mg/24 h of albumin. A greater prevalence of eGFR < 90 mL/min/1.73 m2 was observed in patients with NAFLD compared to those without liver involvement and healthy subjects (17.5% vs. 6.7% vs. 0.77%; p < 0.0001). The proportion of children with abnormal albuminuria was also higher in the NAFLD group compared to those without NAFLD, and controls (9.3% vs. 4.0% vs. 0; p < 0.0001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that NAFLD was associated with decreased eGFR and/or microalbuminuria (odds ratio, 2.54 (confidence interval, 1.16–5.57); p < 0.05) independently of anthropometric and clinical variables. Children with NAFLD are at risk for early renal dysfunction. Recognition of this abnormality in the young may help to prevent the ongoing development of the disease. View Full-Text
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.
Share & Cite This Article
Pacifico, L.; Bonci, E.; Andreoli, G.M.; Di Martino, M.; Gallozzi, A.; De Luca, E.; Chiesa, C. The Impact of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease on Renal Function in Children with Overweight/Obesity. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1218.
Pacifico L, Bonci E, Andreoli GM, Di Martino M, Gallozzi A, De Luca E, Chiesa C. The Impact of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease on Renal Function in Children with Overweight/Obesity. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(8):1218.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pacifico, Lucia; Bonci, Enea; Andreoli, Gian M.; Di Martino, Michele; Gallozzi, Alessia; De Luca, Ester; Chiesa, Claudio. 2016. "The Impact of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease on Renal Function in Children with Overweight/Obesity." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 8: 1218.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.