The recently proved one-to-one structural equivalence between a conjugated hydrocarbon Cn
and the corresponding borane Bn
is applied here to hybrid systems, where each C=C double bond in the hydrocarbon is consecutively substituted by planar B(H2
)B moieties from diborane(6). Quantum chemical computations with the B3LYP/cc
-pVTZ method show that the structural equivalences are maintained along the substitutions, even for non-planar systems. We use as benchmark aromatic and antiaromatic (poly)cyclic conjugated hydrocarbons: cyclobutadiene, benzene, cyclooctatetraene, pentalene, benzocyclobutadiene, naphthalene and azulene. The transformation of these conjugated hydrocarbons to the corresponding boranes is analyzed from the viewpoint of geometry and electronic structure.
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