Chemical Constituent Profiling of Paecilomyces cicadae Liquid Fermentation for Astragli Radix
AbstractAstragli Radix (AR) is one of the most popular traditional Chinese medicines with chemical constituents including flavonoids and saponins. As recently evidenced, some fungi or their fermentation liquid may have the potential to affect the bioactive constituents and different pharmacological effects of AR. Thus, the composition of fermented AR (FAR) produced by Paecilomyces cicadae (Miquel) Samson in liquid-state fermentation was investigated using a UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer in both positive and negative ion modes. Firstly, the MSn data sets were obtained based on a data-dependent acquisition method and a full scan–parent ions list–dynamic exclusion (FS-PIL-DE) strategy. Then, diagnostic product ions (DPIs) and neutral loss fragments (NLFs) were proposed for better constituent detection and structural characterization. Consequently, 107 constituents in total, particularly microconstituents in FAR and AR, were characterized and compared in parallel on the same LTQ–Orbitrap instrument. Our results indicated that AR fermentation with Paecilomyces significantly influenced the production of saponins and flavonoids, especially increasing the content of astragaloside IV. In conclusion, this research was not only the first to show changes in the chemical components of unfermented AR and FAR, but it also provides a foundation for further studies on the chemical interaction between microbiota and AR.
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Wang, Y.; Mei, X.; Liu, Z.; Li, J.; Zhang, X.; Wang, S.; Geng, Z.; Dai, L.; Zhang, J. Chemical Constituent Profiling of Paecilomyces cicadae Liquid Fermentation for Astragli Radix. Molecules 2019, 24, 2948.
Wang Y, Mei X, Liu Z, Li J, Zhang X, Wang S, Geng Z, Dai L, Zhang J. Chemical Constituent Profiling of Paecilomyces cicadae Liquid Fermentation for Astragli Radix. Molecules. 2019; 24(16):2948.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Yuqi; Mei, Xiaodan; Liu, Zihan; Li, Jie; Zhang, Xiaoxin; Wang, Shaoping; Geng, Zikai; Dai, Long; Zhang, Jiayu. 2019. "Chemical Constituent Profiling of Paecilomyces cicadae Liquid Fermentation for Astragli Radix." Molecules 24, no. 16: 2948.
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