Furaneol is an aroma compound which occurs naturally in foods and is used as an artificial flavor. Detection of furaneol is required in food science and food processing industry. Capture- Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment (SELEX) protocol was applied for the isolation of an aptamer binding to furaneol, a small volatile organic substance contributing to the flavor of various products. Thirteen cycles of selection were performed. The resulting DNA pool was cloned, using blunt-end cloning, and ninety-six plasmids were sequenced and analyzed. Eight oligonucleotides were selected as aptamer candidates and screened for the ability to bind to furaneol, using three different methods—magnetic-beads associated elution assay, SYBR Green I assay, and exonuclease protection assay. One of the candidates was further characterized as an aptamer. The apparent equilibrium constant was determined to be (1.1 ± 0.4) µM, by the fluorescent method. The reported aptamer was applied for development of the ion-sensitive field-effect transistor (ISFET)-based biosensor, for the analysis of furaneol, in the concentration range of 0.1–10 µM.
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