Special Issue "Groundwater Depletion: Current Trends and Future Challenges to Mitigate the Phenomenon"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydrogeology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2023.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Nerantzis Kazakis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Interests: groundwater modelling; groundwater vulnerability assessment; hydrogeochemistry; hydrogeophysics; isotope hydrology; management of aquifer recharge; water resources management; floods; climate change impacts on water resources
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Dr. Micol Mastrocicco
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Environmental, Biological and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies, University of Campania “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 81100 Caserta, Italy
Interests: water resources management and protection in the coastal plains, with a focus on water and nitrogen balance at basin scale and salinization processes; characterization and monitoring of dissolved contaminants in aquifers via different assessment methods; implementation of density-dependent groundwater flow models and reactive transport models
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Konstantinos Chalikakis
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
EMMAH, INRAE, Avignon Université, 84916 Avignon, France
Interests: hydrogeology; Hydrogeophysics; groundwater resources exploration; hydrosystems sedimentary formations

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Groundwater is a primary source of drinking water for almost two billion people worldwide. Moreover, it is critically important for energy, food security, human health, and ecosystems. Yet, depletion of groundwater reserves is a common phenomenon in both humid and semi-arid regions of the world. The phenomenon of groundwater depletion (GD) occurs when extraction from an aquifer exceeds the recharge, with the extent of the depletion effects also being determined by the aquifer type and its socioeconomic framework. Inevitably, depletion leads to increased distributed water costs, water-related conflicts, and up- and downstream ecosystem decline as aquifer’s degradation (i.e. groundwater flow alteration, seawater intrusion). Although groundwater depletion has been documented at both regional and global scales, specific spatiotemporal characteristics need to be further studied and quantified to design and apply strategies allowing us to mitigate the phenomenon. The aim of this Special Issue is to highlight the emergence of a) adequate integrated strategies to mitigate GD at both regional and local scales through b) advanced spatiotemporal monitoring allowing quantification of the factors triggering/accelerating GD.

The Guest Editors’ ambition for this Special Issue is to encompass articles dealing with:

  • Efficiency/Adequacy of global and regional strategies.
  • Scale effect: from global scale to regional and aquifer scale.
  • Spatiotemporal distribution of groundwater depletion.
  • The role of snow variability in groundwater depletion.
  • The importance of temporal (from seasonal to high frequency monitoring) and spatial scales.
  • Managed/Artificial aquifer recharge for mitigate groundwater depletion.
  • Groundwater modelling impact and adequacy to study groundwater depletion.
  • Integrated strategies for groundwater quantity and quality protection.
  • Linking protection zone delineation of springs/wells with groundwater depletion.
  • Impacts of groundwater depletion in groundwater quality.
  • The role of the critical zone in groundwater depletion.
  • The role of mis-management in groundwater depletion.
  • The role of climate change/variability in groundwater depletion.

Link With Projects and Conference

The Special Issue is linked with both an international conference and a research project:

a) "Groundwater depletion. Are Eco-friendly Energy Recharge Dams a solution?" founded by the Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation (H.F.R.I.) under the “Second Call for H.F.R.I. Research Projects to support Post-Doctoral Researchers” (https://groundwater-ecodams.web.auth.gr/), which started in February 2021 and ends August 2023;

b) The 12th International Hydrogeological Conference organized by the Association of Geologists and Mining Engineers of Cyprus in collaboration with the Hellenic Committee of Hydrogeology (https://www.hydrogeologyconference2022.com.cy/en/) on 20–22 of March 2022, in Nicosia (Lefkosia), Cyprus.

Dr. Nerantzis Kazakis
Dr. Micol Mastrocicco
Dr. Konstantinos Chalikakis
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • groundwater simulation
  • satellite observation
  • climate change/variability
  • groundwater overexploitation
  • groundwater quality
  • protection zone delineation of springs/wells
  • policy and sustainability
  • extreme hydrological events

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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