Special Issue "Climatic Trends and Impacts of Global Change in Europe and in the Mediterranean Basin"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydrology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 January 2022).

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Roberto Coscarelli
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
National Research Council (CNR), Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection (IRPI), via Cavour 4/6, 87036 Rende (Cs), Italy
Interests: hydrology; climatology; climate change; geo-hydrological risk; water resources
Dr. Tommaso Caloiero
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute for Agricultural and Forest Systems in Mediterranean(CNR-ISAFOM), National Research Council, Via Cavour 4/6, 87036 Rende, Italy
Interests: hydrology; climatology; climate change; natural hazards; land use chance; forest ecology
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The term global change refers to every planetary-scale change that can occur in each of the subsystems of the Earth. Among these subsystems, climate is particularly relevant, and includes processes involving ocean, land, and sea ice, in addition to the atmosphere. The European continent, which covers countries with different climatic features and forcing factors, could be affected by different trends in the main climatic variables and, consequently, by different impacts. Moreover, the Mediterranean basin, which is one of the 25 global biodiversity hotspots, represents a region where the impact of global change can be more intense and diffuse.

Within this context, the overall goal of this Special Issue of Water is to focus research and analyses on these areas, starting from high-quality databases of climatic variables. Interdisciplinary original research articles highlighting new ideas, approaches, and innovations in the spatial and temporal analysis of the main climatological variables (rainfall, temperature, wind, etc.) and the analysis of future scenarios using GCM projections are welcome. Moreover, evaluations of the possible impacts of these tendencies on various sectors, such as water resources, agriculture, hydrogeological risk, and energy productions, could offer strategic and useful means to cope with global change for the population and the economic sectors of this area.

Dr. Roberto Coscarelli
Dr. Tommaso Caloiero
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • Database
  • Trends
  • GCM
  • Water resources
  • Agriculture
  • Hydrogeological risk
  • Energy production
  • Coping with global change

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Variation in Seasonal Precipitation over Gaza (Palestine) and Its Sensitivity to Teleconnection Patterns
Water 2021, 13(5), 667; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13050667 - 01 Mar 2021
Viewed by 946
The seasonal precipitation (SP) trend and its sensitivity to teleconnection patterns over the East Mediterranean (EM) region remain inconsistent. Based on rainfall records during 1974–2016 at seven meteorological stations in the Gaza region, this study aims to (1) analyze the observed SP trend [...] Read more.
The seasonal precipitation (SP) trend and its sensitivity to teleconnection patterns over the East Mediterranean (EM) region remain inconsistent. Based on rainfall records during 1974–2016 at seven meteorological stations in the Gaza region, this study aims to (1) analyze the observed SP trend over the Gaza region, and (2) examine the SP sensitivity to climate indices. Pearson and Spearman correlations between climate indices and SP in the current and following years were calculated, and the seasonal period (particular month) with the highest correlation was identified. Results show that the climate indices, with greater impact on SP over the Gaza region in the autumn and spring, were in the order; El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) > East Atlantic/Western Russia (EAWR) > North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) > Arctic Oscillation (AO). The indices’ impact was minimal in the winter precipitation. ENSO types’ correlations (Southern Oscillation Index-SOI and Niño 3.4) were moderate and significant at α = 0.05. Rainfall at most stations positively correlates with AO and EAWR in spring and autumn. During the study period, warm phases of ENSO (i.e., El Niño) intensified autumn precipitation. Simultaneously with warm phases of EAWR or AO, more influence on autumn precipitation is exerted. Cold phases of ENSO (i.e., La Niña) have an adverse impact compared to El Niño. EAWR co-variation was evident only with the ENSO. Regarding AO, a non-meaningful action was noticed during the neutral phases of ENSO and EAWR. The findings of this study help understand and predict the seasonal trend of precipitation over the Gaza region. This is essential to set up climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies in the EM region. Full article
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