Special Issue "Climate Impact on Sustainability of Aquatic Organisms"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 January 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Giulia Guerriero
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Guest Editor
Department of Biology, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
Interests: antioxidative physiological defence; steroids and steroid receptors; antioxidants under steroid control; reproductive health assessment; reprotoxicity monitoring; endangered species and validation of non-destructive examination methods; biodiversity conservation microassays
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Matteo Gentilucci
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Guest Editor
Experimental Geophysical Observatory of Macerata, Italy
Interests: climate; climate change; GIS; geostatistical analysis; agroclimatology; hydrogeological risk

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Climate change is causing alterations in the physical and chemical properties of water and having consequences for aquatic ecosystems. Large temperature variations can severely impact fertility in animals, plants, and fungi. Given the importance of fertility for population persistence, the aim of this Special Issue is to provide an understanding of how climate change affects thermal fertility limits and how to standardize detection methodology. The current literature on how thermal stress impacts fertility is fragmented. Therefore, we cordially invite authors to contribute original research articles and reviews. These may include all aspects of effective strategies for marine and freshwater biodiversity conservation and sustainability. This issue will also welcome research focused on factors that limit or facilitate species’ responses, such as fisheries loading, the availability of prey, habitat, light, and dispersal by sea currents. The main perspective of submitted work should be on applications in areas such as stress, immune and growth response, calcification rates, demography, abundance, distribution, invasion and phenology of species. Critical and objective perspectives of specific research areas related to technical approaches useful for monitoring and/or mitigating the effects of climate change will also fall well within the scope of this Special Issue.

We look forward to your valuable contributions.

Prof. Dr. Giulia Guerriero
Dr. Matteo Gentilucci
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • global warming
  • aquatic organism
  • sustainability
  • thermal fertility limit (TFL)
  • biodiversity conservation
  • oxidative stress and antioxidants
  • immune and growth response
  • calcification rate
  • invasive species
  • climate change effects monitoring

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Examining the Effect of Heat Stress on Montastraea cavernosa (Linnaeus 1767) from a Mesophotic Coral Ecosystem (MCE)
Water 2020, 12(5), 1303; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051303 - 05 May 2020
Abstract
Coral reefs are under increasing pressure from global warming. Little knowledge, however, exists regarding heat induced stress on deeper mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs). Here, we examined the effect of acute (72 h) and chronic (480 h) heat stress on the host coral Montastraea [...] Read more.
Coral reefs are under increasing pressure from global warming. Little knowledge, however, exists regarding heat induced stress on deeper mesophotic coral ecosystems (MCEs). Here, we examined the effect of acute (72 h) and chronic (480 h) heat stress on the host coral Montastraea cavernosa (Linnaeus 1767) collected from an upper MCE (~30 m) in Florida, USA. We examined six immune/stress-related genes: ribosomal protein L9 (RpL9), ribosomal protein S7 (RpS7), B-cell lymphoma 2 apoptosis regulator (BCL-2), heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), catalase, and cathepsin L1, as a proxy for coral response to heat stress. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to evaluate the gene expression. Overall, both acute and chronic heat stress treatments elicited a response in gene expression relative to control samples. Acute heat exposure resulted in up-regulation of catalase, BCL-2, and HSP90 at all time points from hour 24 to 48, suggesting the activation of an oxidative protective enzyme, molecular chaperone, and anti-apoptotic protein. Fewer genes were up-regulated in the chronic experiment until hour 288 (30 °C) where catalase, RpL9, and RpS7 were significantly up-regulated. Chronic heat exposure elicited a physiological response at 30 °C, which we propose as a heat-stress threshold for Montastraea cavernosa (M. cavernosa) collected from an MCE. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Impact on Sustainability of Aquatic Organisms)
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