Special Issue "African Swine Fever (ASF)"

A special issue of Veterinary Sciences (ISSN 2306-7381).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2019).

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Klaus Robert Depner
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald - Insel Riems, Germany
Interests: field epidemiological investigations; high risk period; role of the habitat for ASF persistence in wild boar; disease biology and drivers for endemicity; eradication and control strategies
Dr. Karl Ståhl
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
National Veterinary Institute, SVA, SE-751 89 Uppsala, Sweden
Interests: disease dynamics of ASF in different settings including the current European as well as the East African context; disease control; drivers of spread and persistence (including the role of humans); disease modelling
Prof. Dr. Arvo Viltrop
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Sciences, Kreutzwaldi 1 Tartu 51006, Estonia
Interests: epidemiology in wild boar and domestic pigs including risk factors for domestic pigs and wild boar; transmission routs in the wild boar domestic pigs interface; causes of the persistence of the infection in the European wild boar populations

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Internationally, African swine fever (ASF) is considered as one of the most dangerous animal diseases of pigs. The disease is affecting trade and has a serious socio-economic impact on people's livelihood. No drugs or vaccines are available to fight ASF. The most severe epidemic ever experienced outside of the African continent started in Georgia in 2007, spread throughout the Caucasus and the Russian Federation, eventually reaching the European Union and China. In many countries, the disease has become endemic in domestic pigs and wild boar. In wild boar populations, ASF shows a pattern of habitat bound persistence lacking a tendency of dynamic spatial spread. 

Humans are recognized as the main cause of both long-distance transmission and virus introduction into domestic pig farms. Thus, it has become crucial to include social science when planning prevention-, control-, or eradication-measures. By focusing only on the biological particularities of the disease (for example, the contagiosity, tenacity, and case fatality rate), but ignoring the human aspects, the epidemic will not be controlled.

In this Special Issue, we intend to focus on the ASF field epidemiology in order to explore our understanding of ASF transmission, spread, and contagiosity in domestic pig farms and wild boar populations. We call on researchers to contribute their recent findings, especially focusing on, but not limited to, the following:

  • Epidemiological field investigations
  • Disease control and management
  • Biosecurity
  • Host–pathogen interaction
  • Transmission studies
  • Socio-economic drivers and impacts
  • Modelling
  • ASF epidemiology in the back yard sector

Papers in the form of case reports are also welcome.

Dr. Klaus Robert Depner
Dr. Karl Ståhl
Prof. Dr. Arvo Viltrop
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Veterinary Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle
A Long-Term Study of the Biological Properties of ASF Virus Isolates Originating from Various Regions of the Russian Federation in 2013–2018
Vet. Sci. 2019, 6(4), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6040099 (registering DOI) - 06 Dec 2019
Abstract
Biological properties of the African swine fever (ASF) virus isolates originating from various regions of the Russian Federation (2013–2018) were studied in a series of experimental infections. Comparative analysis allowed us to establish the differences in the key characteristics of the infection, such [...] Read more.
Biological properties of the African swine fever (ASF) virus isolates originating from various regions of the Russian Federation (2013–2018) were studied in a series of experimental infections. Comparative analysis allowed us to establish the differences in the key characteristics of the infection, such us the duration of the incubation periods, disease, and the onset of death. The incubation period averaged 4.1 days, varying from 1 to 13 days. An average duration of the disease was 6.3 days and varied from 0 to 18 days. Overall case fatality was 94.5%, and antibodies were detected only in 19.3% of the animals. The biological properties of isolates Odintsovo 02/14 and Lipetsk 12/16 were significantly different from others. For this two, the presence of antibodies to the virus was detected in 71.4% and 75% of animals respectively and mortality levels were of 87.5% and 50%. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue African Swine Fever (ASF))

Other

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Open AccessFeature PaperCase Report
African Swine Fever in a Bulgarian Backyard Farm—A Case Report
Vet. Sci. 2019, 6(4), 94; https://doi.org/10.3390/vetsci6040094 - 21 Nov 2019
Abstract
African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most threatening diseases for the pig farming sector worldwide. As an effective vaccine is lacking, strict application of control measures is the only way to fight the disease in both industrial farms and backyard holdings. [...] Read more.
African swine fever (ASF) is one of the most threatening diseases for the pig farming sector worldwide. As an effective vaccine is lacking, strict application of control measures is the only way to fight the disease in both industrial farms and backyard holdings. With generally low biosecurity standards, the latter are at particular risk for disease introduction and offer challenging conditions for disease control. In the following case report, we describe the overall course of an ASF outbreak in a Bulgarian backyard farm and the implemented control measures. Farm facilities and available data have been investigated to estimate the possible source, spread and time point of virus introduction. Contact with contaminated fomites entering the stable via human activities was regarded to be the most likely introduction route. The slow disease spread within the farm contributes to the hypothesis of a moderate contagiosity. As no further ASF outbreaks have been detected in domestic pig farms in the region, it could be demonstrated that successful disease control in small-scale farms can be reached. Thus, the report contributes to a better understanding of ASF in the backyard sector. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue African Swine Fever (ASF))
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