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Special Issue "Sustainability Issues in Transport Pricing"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Transportation".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2019.

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Dr. Johan Holmgren

Molde University College - Specialized University in Logistics, Molde University College, Britvegen 2, NO-6410 Molde, Norway
Website | E-Mail
Interests: transport demand; mode choice; transport pricing; car ownership; efficiency in public sector operations; effects of investing in infrastructure

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Transport services are essential for a well-functioning society, and are an integral part of the economic life and well-being of people. People use transport services to get to and from work and recreational activities. For firms, transport services are used to transport the material used in production as well as to distribute the production to the customers. At the same time, a substantial proportion of the greenhouse gas emissions in the world originate in the transport sector, and transportation activities cause a lot of local emissions and disturbances. In addition, lack of access to the transport system may work as a barrier to participation in the labour market as well as in social and democratic activities. When designing a sustainable transport system (or evaluating an existing system from a sustainability perspective) environmental and social impacts, as well other economic effects, have to be taken into consideration.

Pricing (including taxation) is a powerful policy instrument that, if used correctly, can steer society in a sustainable direction. Prices and taxes can be set so that economic agents take environmental costs into account when making decisions. The level and structure of prices could also be set with distributional aspects in mind in order to ensure social inclusion. At the same time, the use of environmental fees (e.g. fuel taxes) are often met with protests, as it is claimed that they will hurt business and have undesirable distributional consequences.

This Special Issue focus on sustainability issues in transport pricing (including taxation of transport activities). It is especially interesting to see contributions addressing the potential conflict between different aspects of sustainability (e.g. environmental vs. social impacts) but all contributions addressing pricing and sustainability are welcome. Potential topics include (but are not limited to):

  • Optimal pricing of different transport modes 
  • Environmental effects of different pricing schemes
  • Distributional effects and effects on the social inclusion of different pricing schemes
  • Effects on the competitiveness of different sectors of different pricing schemes
  • Goal conflicts due to the pricing and taxation of transport services
  • Comparative analyses of different taxation/pricing regimes and their effects

Prof. Dr. Johan Holmgren
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1700 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Optimal pricing
  • Road pricing
  • Externality charges
  • Social inclusion
  • Distribution
  • Transport pricing
  • Transport policy

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Time-Dependent Pricing for High-Speed Railway in China Based on Revenue Management
Sustainability 2019, 11(16), 4272; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11164272
Received: 22 May 2019 / Revised: 21 July 2019 / Accepted: 5 August 2019 / Published: 7 August 2019
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Abstract
High-speed railway (HSR) is recognized as a green transportation mode with lower energy consumption and less pollution emission than other transportation. At present, China has the largest HSR network globally, but the maximum revenue of railway transportation corporations has not been realized. In [...] Read more.
High-speed railway (HSR) is recognized as a green transportation mode with lower energy consumption and less pollution emission than other transportation. At present, China has the largest HSR network globally, but the maximum revenue of railway transportation corporations has not been realized. In order to make HSR achieve a favorable position within the fierce competition in the market, increase corporate revenue, and achieve the sustainable development of HSR and railway corporations, we introduce the concept of revenue management in HSR operations and propose an innovative model to optimize the price and seat allocation for HSR simultaneously. In the study, we formulate the optimization problem as a mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) model, which appropriately captures passengers’ choice behavior. To reduce the computational complexity, we further transform the proposed MINLP model into an equivalent model. Finally, the effectiveness of both the proposed model and solution algorithm are tested and validated by numerical experiments. The research results show that the model can flexibly adjust the price and seat allocation of the corresponding ticketing period according to the passenger demand, and increase the total expected revenue by 5.92% without increasing the capacity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability Issues in Transport Pricing)
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Open AccessArticle
Differential Pricing Strategies of High Speed Railway Based on Prospect Theory: An Empirical Study from China
Sustainability 2019, 11(14), 3804; https://doi.org/10.3390/su11143804
Received: 14 May 2019 / Revised: 27 June 2019 / Accepted: 8 July 2019 / Published: 11 July 2019
Cited by 1 | PDF Full-text (1720 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Based on the single pricing method of the high-speed railway (HSR) in China, a pricing strategy without flexibility leads to the problem of extreme fluctuations in passenger flow and difficulty in increasing revenue. In order to achieve sustainable development of the HSR from [...] Read more.
Based on the single pricing method of the high-speed railway (HSR) in China, a pricing strategy without flexibility leads to the problem of extreme fluctuations in passenger flow and difficulty in increasing revenue. In order to achieve sustainable development of the HSR from the perspective of pricing, in this study, we divided the passenger market according to the different factors affecting passengers’ choice behavior, maximized ticket sales revenue with expected travel cost as the reference point, and used prospect theory to construct a differentiated pricing model under elastic demand. A simulated annealing algorithm was used to solve this model under two passenger flow intensities. Taking the Beijing–Shanghai corridor as an example for analysis, the results show that differential pricing can be implemented on the basis of passenger decision-making, and price reductions at off-peak periods will attract passenger flow which will increase ticket sales revenue by 10.41%. During the peak period, prices can be increased to maintain passenger flow, and ticket sales revenue will increase by 7.98%. We also found that increasing passenger expectations have a greater impact on ticket sales. This study provides theoretical and methodological support for the sustainable development of the HSR. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability Issues in Transport Pricing)
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