Special Issue "National Parks: Theories and Practices"
A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2020).
Interests: ecosystem and natural resources management; community-based conservation in national parks; multi-functionality of agriculture; agricultural heritage systems
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Interests: planning and functional zoning in national parks; tourism geography; ecotourism
Interests: tourism geography; heritage tourism; urban tourism; ecotourism in national parks
Interests: biodiversity and ecosystem services; ecosystem and natural resources management; ecological monitoring in national parks
Interests: protected area policy; national park governance; wildlife management
Interests: environmental governance; sustainability science; ecosystem services
Since the first nature reserve was built in 1956, China has made remarkable achievements in biological conservation and ecosystem management. With more than 18% of the territory covered by protected areas, China is now entering an era of increasing the quality and efficiency of the conservation of protected areas. A national park system and the reform of protected areas were proposed in 2015, and an overall plan for the development of the national park system was released in 2017. Currently, ten national park pilots around the country are undergoing an experimental period through an institutional innovation in management unit, financial mechanism, natural resource management, and community participation. By 2020, these pilots will be under scrutiny, and the first batch of national parks will be established under a hierarchical and integrated management system.
Admittedly, many challenges have occurred in the reform of the protected area system and the establishment of national parks, such as the land tenure and community livelihood that remain the key issues for the developing country. The determination to harmonize the relationship between humans and nature has triggered a change in the top governance system as the new Ministry of Natural Resources was set up in 2018, aiming to enhance the integrated natural resources management. Correspondingly, the construction of national parks and a new protected area system follow the new governance idea and are frontiers of new environmental institutions and practices.
In this context, it is essential to review and summarize what has been done since the initiation of the national park idea in China, both in theoretical discussion and practical innovation. It is also important to learn from other countries where a great amount of experience has been accumulated on the construction and management of national parks. A total of 225 countries in the world have established national park systems, and some of them (e.g., the USA, Canada, the UK, Australia, and South Korea) have achieved robust methodologies and efficient practices. Such summarizing and sharing of the national park systems in China and other countries will contribute to our understanding of the next-phase institutional innovation and the further design and implementation of conservation policy.
This Special Issue aims to provide a forum for international/national scholars, researchers, policy makers, and administrators to review and report theories and practices at the levels of national policy design and pilot case study, which have been taken to fuel the national park construction in their countries, particularly new-emerging techniques, strategies and measures, and their case level effects.
The range of relevant topics include but are not limited to:
- National park governance, regulation, and legislation
- National park governance mechanisms
- National park planning and distribution
- National park functional zoning
- National park laws
- National park ecosystem and natural resource management
- Ecosystem monitoring and indicators
- Ecological assets accounting
- Biodiversity and ecosystem services
- Disaster risk management
- Human–wildlife conflicts
- Payment for ecosystem services
- Institutional innovation for conservation in national parks
- Community-based conservation
- Franchising in national parks
- Social participation in conservation
- National parks for public welfare
- Environmental education
Prof. Dr. Qingwen Min
Prof. Dr. Louise Gallagher
Prof. Dr. Diqiang Li
Prof. Dr. Choong-hyeon OH
Prof. Dr. Dominique Vanneste
Prof. Dr. Linsheng Zhong
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- National park governance
- Ecosystem management
- Natural resources management
- Institutional innovation
- Public welfare